De Facto

(redirected from De facto standard)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Encyclopedia.
Related to De facto standard: De jure standard

De Facto

[Latin, In fact.] In fact, in deed, actually.

This phrase is used to characterize an officer, a government, a past action, or a state of affairs that must be accepted for all practical purposes, but is illegal or illegitimate. Thus, an office, position, or status existing under a claim or color of right, such as a de facto corporation. In this sense it is the contrary of de jure, which means rightful, legitimate, just, or constitutional. Thus, an officer, king, or government de facto is one that is in actual possession of the office or supreme power, but by usurpation, or without lawful title; while an officer, king, or governor de jure is one who has just claim and rightful title to the office or power, but has never had plenary possession of it, or is not in actual possession. A wife de facto is one whose marriage is Voidable by decree, as distinguished from a wife de jure, or lawful wife. But the term is also frequently used independently of any distinction from de jure; thus a blockade de facto is a blockade that is actually maintained, as distinguished from a mere paper blockade.

A de facto corporation is one that has been given legal status despite the fact that it has not complied with all the statutory formalities required for corporate existence. Only the state may challenge the validity of the existence of a de facto corporation.

De facto Segregation is the separation of members of different races by various social and economic factors, not by virtue of any government action or statute.

de facto

adj. Latin for "in fact." Often used in place of "actual" to show that the court will treat as a fact authority being exercised or an entity acting as if it had authority, even though the legal requirements have not been met. (See: de facto corporation, de jure)

DE FACTO, i. e. in deed. A term used to denote a thing actually done; a president of the United States de facto is one in the exercise of the executive power, and is distinguished from one, who being legally entitled to such power is ejected from it; the latter would be a president de jure. An officer de facto is frequently considered as an officer de jure, and his official acts are of equal validity. 10 S. & R. 250; 4 Binn. R. 371; 11 S. & R. 411, 414; Coxe, 318; 9 Mass. 231; 10 Mass. 290; 15 Mass. 180; 5 Pick. 487.

References in periodicals archive ?
A new study by Dedham, MA-based ARC (Automation Research) delivers a market analysis of the impact of PC-based open control software (OCS) on industrial automation users and suppliers as Windows NT--in both native form and with real-time extensions--becomes the de facto standard platform.
Zip-It is more feature-rich than other archiving utilities such as PKZIP and PKUNZIP, the popular shareware programs (available freely on the Web at www.download.com) that are the de facto standard for compressing and extracting files on a PC.
The pager, which operates on Flex technology -- the de facto standard for high-speed paging developed by Motorola -- comes in Cranberry Ice, Totally Teal, Majestic Blue, Electric Blue and Jewelz, a multi-colored design.
"HTML is evolving into a de facto standard for full-text document interchange," said Matilda Butler, president of Knowledge Access.
That is the date when much of the world's COBOL software, the de facto standard for large corporate accounting and finance programs, is supposed to stop working because the date function wasn't designed to operate past the end of the century.
RIA's search software (Folio PreVIEWS) operates very rapidly and is becoming the de facto standard in tax and accounting libraries (it has already been adopted by the AICPA and FASB).
In addition, Macmon is the only provider to have a bsi certificate based on the de facto standard it grundschutz.
As an open source project, OPNFV is positioned to bring together the work of standards bodies, open source communities and commercial suppliers to deliver a de facto standard open source NFV platform for the industry.
Free, ubiquitous, and powerful, it is an excellent choice for such computations and is rapidly becoming a de facto standard in the field.
With SSL VPN becoming the de facto standard for secure remote access to corporate networks.
The service supports MML (Medical Make-up Language), the de facto standard for medical documents, as well as SSL encryption.
By also actively proposing systems to international institutions, national governments, industry groups and other organizations and entities, Hitachi is determined to make finger vein authentication technology the de facto standard in high security biometric authentication systems.