De judaismo

DE JUDAISMO, STATUTUM. The name of a statute passed in the reign of Edw. I., which enacted severe and absurd penalties against the Jews. Barr. on Stat. 197.
     2. The Jews were exceedingly oppressed during the middle ages throughout Christendom, and, are so still in some countries. In France, a Jew was a serf, and his person and goods belonged to the baron on whose demesnes he lived. He could not change his domicil without permission of the baron, who could pursue him as a fugitive even on the domains of the king. Like an article of commerce, he might be lent or hired for a time, or mortgaged. If he became a Christian, his conversion was considered a larceny of the lord, and his property and goods were confiscated. They were allowed to utter their prayers only in a low voice and without chanting. They were not allowed to appear in public without some badge or mark of distinction. Christians were forbidden to employ Jews of either sex as domestics, physicians or surgeons. Admission to the bar was forbidden to Jews. They were obliged to appear in court in person, when they demanded justice for a wrong done them, and it was deemed disgraceful to an advocate to undertake the cause of a Jew. If a Jew appeared in court against a Christian, he was obliged to swear by the ten names of God, and invoke a thousand imprecations against himself, if he spoke not the truth. Sexual intercourse between a Christian man and a Jewess was deemed a crime against nature, and was punishable with death by burning. Quia est rem habere cum cane, rem habere a Christiano cum Judaea quae CANIS reputatur - sic comburi debet. 1 Fournel, Hist. des Avocats, 108, 110. See Merlin, Repert. au mot Juifs.
     3. In the fifth book of the Decretals, it is provided, that if a Jew have a servant that desireth to be a Christian, the Jew shall be compelled to sell him to a Christian for twelve pence that it shall not be lawful for them to take any Christian to be their servant that they may repair their old synagogues, but not build new - that it shall not be lawful for them to open their doors, or windows on good Friday; that their wives neither have Christian nurses, nor themselves be nurses to Christian women - that they wear different apparel from the Christians, whereby they may be known, &c See Ridley's View of the Civ. and Eccl Law, part 1, chap. 5, sect. 7 and Madox Hist. of the Exchequer, Index, as to their condition in England.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Aqui tuvo su origen un abierto enfrentamiento entre detractores (German de Constantinopla, Juan Damasceno, Abu Qurra, "Teodoro el Estudita, el cual escribe diferenciando eidos, idolo o forma, de eikon, icono o imagen, y afirma que si Cristo no se pudiese representar significaria que Este careceria de una naturaleza humana, lo cual llevaria o al docetismo o al monofisismo) y defensores de una medida que, en el fondo, ponia en cuestion a la Tradicion de la Iglesia, uno de cuyos pilares de fe es la Encarnacion, realidad en la que difiere radicalmente de judaismo e islam, que se basan fundamental y primordialmente en textos sagrados.
Los nigunim son elementos esenciales en la constitucion del jasidismo, movimiento que recupera lo pasional y lo extatico por contraposicion a un estilo academico de judaismo ortodoxo.
Dentre esses autores, um dos que mais se destacam e Daniel Boyarin (1999; 2007), para quem todas as modalidades de judaismo e de cristianismo no Imperio Romano formavam uma familia semantica, fazendo parte de um continuum no qual, numa das extremidades, situavam-se os marcionitas, que negavam por completo a heranca judaica do cristianismo e, na outra, os judeus ortodoxos, para quem Jesus nao passava de um rebelde proscrito.