de jure

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De Jure

[Latin, In law.] Legitimate; lawful, as a Matter of Law. Having complied with all the requirements imposed by law.

De jure is commonly paired with de facto, which means "in fact." In the course of ordinary events, the term de jure is superfluous. For example, in everyday discourse, when one speaks of a corporation or a government, the understood meaning is a de jure corporation or a de jure government.

A de jure corporation is one that has completely fulfilled the statutory formalities imposed by state corporation law in order to be granted corporate existence. In comparison, a de facto corporation is one that has acted in Good Faith and would be an ordinary corporation but for failure to comply with some technical requirements.

A de jure government is the legal, legitimate government of a state and is so recognized by other states. In contrast, a de facto government is in actual possession of authority and control of the state. For example, a government that has been overthrown and has moved to another state will attain de jure status if other nations refuse to accept the legitimacy of the revolutionary government.

De jure Segregation refers to intentional actions by the state to enforce racial segregation. The Jim Crow Laws of the southern states, which endured until the 1960s, are examples of de jure segregation. In contrast, de facto racial segregation, which occurred in other states, was accomplished by factors apart from conscious government activity.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

de jure

adj. Latin for lawful, as distinguished from de facto (actual). (See: de jure corporation)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

de jure

Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

DE JURE, by right. Vide De facto.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, at the same time as it enhances competition in the consumer markets, the adoption of de jure standards necessarily favors some patents and their owners to the exclusion of others.
The development of de jure standards carries with it the prospect of both substantial procompetitive benefits and significant anticompetitive effects.
The standards associated with third generation (3G) and fourth generation (4G) Long Term Evolution (LTE) mobile phone communication technology exemplify the beneficial nature of de jure standards. The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), the Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions, and the IEEE, among other SSOs, worked with industry innovators and manufacturers to develop uniform standards for the performance of certain functions commonly used by an array of mobile phone manufacturers.
For instance, the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) standards are official, or de jure standards, while DOS is a de facto standard because many people use it.