Some support an elected Senate as a means to diminish the influence of the premiers, strengthen federal institutions and policies and recentralize one of the most decentralized federations
in the world.
The purpose of this paper is, therefore, to analyze fiscal policy in the presence of environmental and labor market externalities within a decentralized federation
Apart from the criminal law, Canada is already de facto the world's most decentralized federation
. Divesting the central government of its powers, as the Allaire report demonstrated, is like peeling an onion: there is no obvious place to stop and soon nothing is left.
can merge into a democratic Middle East Federation: "Geographic and cultural similarities throughout the region, and shared economic needs and water resources, might form the basis for a democratic federation of the entire region" (p.