Decretals


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DECRETALS. eccles. law. The decretals are canonical epistles, written by the pope alone, or by the pope and cardinals, at the instance or suit of some one or more persons, for the ordering and determining some matter in. controversy, and have the authority of a law in themselves.
     2. The decretals were published in three volumes. The first volume was collected by Raymundus Barcinius, chaplain to Gregory IX., about the year 1231, and published by him to be read in schools, and used in the ecclesiastical courts. The second volume is the work of Boniface VIII compiled about the year 1298, with additions to and alterations of the ordinances of his predecessors. The third volume is called the Clementines, because made by Clement V., and was published by him in the council of Vienna, about the year 1308. To these may be added the Extravagantes of John XXII. and other bishops of Rome, which, relatively to the others, are called Novelle Constitutiones. Ridley's View, &c. 99, 100,; 1 Fournel, Hist. des Avocats, 194-5.
     3. The false decretals were forged. in the names of the early bishops of Rome, and first appeared about A. D. 845-850. The author of them is not known. They are mentioned in a letter written in the name of the council of Quiercy, by Charles the Bald, to the bishops and lords. of France. See Van Espen Fleury, Droit de Canon, by Andre.

References in periodicals archive ?
(84) <<The marriage decretals must be seen for what they were: twenty years of responding to some of the most intricate and bewildering situations that human beings could get themselves into (...) To assume a legislative purpose behind the Alexandrine instructions in marriage cases is to misunderstand the processes described above>>: A.
Historical criticism provided the basis for Dollinger's rejection of the Pseudo-Isidorian decretals and other forged documents on which new papal claims were based.
On February 10, 385, Pope Siricius wrote a decretal in response to the question posed by Himerius, bishop of Tarragona in Spain, regarding the reception of heretics into the Catholic Church.
Writing at roughly the same time as Hostienis, his fellow canonist Sinibaldo de Fiesco (circa 1180-1254), better known as Pope Innocent IV, wrote an important decretal gloss, "On the Restitution of Spoils" (45) that articulated a new technical definition of war.
These prohibitions draw on the 1234 Decretals of Gregory IX, which had institutionalized previous Papal denunciations.
En la seva produccio intel-lectual de caire juridic destaquen les glosses al Decret de Gracia i, sobretot, la famosa compilacio de les Decretals, promulgades el 1234 i en vigor fins al codi de dret canonic del papa sant Pius x (1904).
Hartmann, Wilfried, and Kenneth Pennington, eds., The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140-1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX.
In a private letter of 11 December 1518 to Wenceslaus Link (1483-1547), Luther first reveals the nagging question of whether or not "the true Antichrist according to Paul is reigning in the Roman curia." (46) As he prepared for the debate at Leipzig, Luther expressed similar misgivings to George Spalatin (1484-1545): "And, confidentially, I do not know whether the pope is the Antichrist himself or whether he is his apostle, so miserably is Christ (that is, the truth) corrupted and crucified by the pope in the decretals." (47) What becomes obvious is that during this period Luther was beginning to believe that the pope's policies and decretals were fundamentally antichristian.
Duggan, 'Aspects of Anglo-Portuguese Relations in the Twelfth Century: Manuscripts, Relics, Decretals and the Cult of St Thomas Becket at Lorvao, Alcobaca and Tomar', Portuguese Studies, 14 (1998), 1-19.
Foxcroft chose The Commentaries of Cardinal de Tudeschis (Panormitanus) upon the Decretals, printed by Michael Wenssler in Basle in 1477.
In the ninth century, the Constitutum Constantini was widely circulated as part of the pseudo-Isidorean decretals, Decretales Pseudo-Isidorianae et capitula Angilramni, ed.
While they do not organize a procession during Pantagruel's visit, they parade around the papal Decretals as if they are relics.