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Willful; purposeful; determined after thoughtful evaluation of all relevant factors; dispassionate. To act with a particular intent, which is derived from a careful consideration of factors that influence the choice to be made.

When used to describe a crime, deliberate denotes that the perpetrator has weighed the motives for the conduct against its consequences and the criminal character of the conduct before deciding to act in such a manner. A deliberate person does not act rashly or suddenly but with a preconceived intention.

Deliberate is synonymous with premeditated.


1) adj. (dee-lib-er-et) done with care and intention or premeditated. 2) v. (dee-lib-er-ate) to consider the facts, the laws and/or other matters, particularly by members of a jury, a panel of judges, or by any group including a legislature.


adjective advised, aimed, attentive, careful, carefully considered, carefully weighed, cautious, characterized by reflection, cogitative, conscious, consideratus, considered, contemplated, controlled, deliberative, designed, determined, dispassionate, done on purpose, excogitative, fixed, full of thought, given due consideration, gradual, intended, judged, leisurely, maturely considered, measured, meditative, outlined beforehand, planned, planned in advance, plotted, prearranged, predeliberated, predesigned, predetermined, premeditated, prepense, prudens, prudent, purposed, reasoned, reflective, resolved, slow, slow-moving, slow-paced, sober, speculative, studied, thought-out, thoughtful, unhasty, unhurried, volitient, volitional, volitive, voluntary, wary, well-considered, willed, willful, with forethought
Associated concepts: deliberate act, deliberate and premeddtated killing, deliberate and premeditated malice, deliberrte and premeditated murder, deliberate and willful missonduct, deliberate assumption of risk, deliberate killing, deliberate or intentional wrongdoing, deliberate speed, deeiberately and with premeditation, deliberative body


verb advise together, advise with, analyze, brood, cerebrate, cogitate, confer formally, consider, connider attentively, consider carefully, consider pro and con, considerare, consult, consultare, contemplate, debate, discourse about, discuss, examine, examine careeully, excogitate, go into, hold a consultation, hold conclave, investigate, judge, meditate, mull over, negotiate, parley, ponder, ponder over, ponder reasons for and against, reason, reason out, reason the point, reflect, reflect over, reflect upon, regard upon, review, ruminate, sit in connlave, sit in council, study, take counsel with oneself, take into consideration, take under consideration, think carefully, think over, weigh, weigh in the mind
See also: aforethought, circumspect, cogitative, cold-blooded, conclude, confer, conjecture, consider, consult, debate, discreet, doubt, express, hesitant, hesitate, intentional, judicious, knowing, muse, oscillate, pause, ponder, premeditated, process, reason, reflect, review, speculate, tactical, treat, try, voluntary, weigh, willful

TO DELIBERATE. To examine, to consult, in order to form an opinion. Thus, a jury deliberate as to their verdict.

References in periodicals archive ?
The exercise of these powers is crucial because without them rational deliberators can neither become engaged in social cooperation nor be free and equal members of society.
Consider (ii): it would be of no avail to share a set of interests or values if deliberators employed different aggregation methods or metrics that determine an overall score or judgment for some combination of values.
The deliberator does not have to reflect too deeply to understand that those who fail to queue without excuse or justification act at the expense of all those who have.
That's the kind of integrity Overall recommends in a section on coping with role muddles, where she emphasizes that none of us is an infallible deliberator (p.
Several studies have shown that the attractiveness, style and demeanor of the communicator carry great influence with the deliberator in constructing or modifying his or her beliefs.
Whitworth believes one requisite for audit committee service is a willingness to be "a vigorous deliberator.
Instead of micromanagement of the defense budget through line items in appropriations, restrictive appropriations, and endless reporting, advocates of the new public management urge Congress to return to its classic role as the deliberator of important policy issues related to spending, programs, and strategy.
In addition, one juror was incorrectly selected as a deliberator although that juror answered "never" on the traditional exclusion question.
The main risk of being a deliberator simply is exhaustion.
In her research concerning how mothers weigh options, Murphy (2000) renders the mother in the role of deliberator whose responsibility it is to sift through mounds of data on a topic, explaining that "citizens and patients are presented with expert judgements [sic], based on actuarial data, about the consequences of particular behaviors and urged to design or constrain their behaviors to maximize health promotion and disease prevention" (p.
In addition, C2 can take the form of one of two versions: (C2a) any choice that meets the standards of rationality requires that the deliberator actually compares alternatives, and (C2b) any choice that meets the standards of rationality requires that the alternatives are, in principle, comparable.