Interference

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Interference

In the law of Patents, the presence of two pending applications, or an existing patent and a pending application that encompass an identical invention or discovery.

When interference exists, the Patent and Trademark Office conducts an investigation to ascertain the priority of invention between the conflicting applications, or the application and the patent. A patent is customarily granted to the earlier invention.

References in periodicals archive ?
There is a tendency for destructive interference resulting in a lower intensity than expected from the linear increase.
This is possible if and only if the individual branches 5 or 6 of each function are indistinguishable, so that the claim mathematically yields quantum destructive interference (annihilation) between [[psi].sub.15] and [[psi].sub.16], and between [[psi].sub.25] and [[psi].sub.26], respectively.
These vortexes are out of phase with one another and produce destructive interference; the net result is a significant reduction in the amplitude of vortex-induced vibrations.
When the diffracted waves meet again, those that are in step with each other will undergo constructive interference, resulting in a bright fringe, while those that are half a step out of phase will undergo destructive interference, resulting in a dark fringe that can be used to delineate an otherwise invisible edge.
Destructive interference may result when the male and female connectors are mated if the contacts protrude [TABULAR DATA FOR TABLE 1 OMITTED] beyond specifications.
The waves still recombine, but with destructive interference. At these places, where the merging waves are out of alignment, probability dictates that fewer particles will appear.
The Iranian foreign ministry spokesman also said that the US airstrike is also a clear instance of the destructive interference in the region by the US administration, which seeks to change regional equations at specific junctures.
Standard testing was insufficient in predicting the performance of the datalink, as reflections from the landscape at such altitudes causes significant destructive interference in otherwise clear line-of-sight conditions.
The destructive interference between these two modes generates a Fano resonance dip.
By carefully designing their device - by tuning the geometries - the engineers have created a plasmonic cloak in which the scattered light from the metal and semiconductor cancel each other perfectly through a phenomenon known as destructive interference.
It is possible that destructive interference of the magnetic analytic signal across a tight fold structure may be masking the true potential of this area to host a substantial deposit of magnetite.
Without a coating, destructive interference reduces the light component, which is reflected on every air/glass interface or every interface between two transparent media of different refractive indices.