Manual

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MANUAL. That which is employed or used by the hand, of which a present profit may be made. Things in the manual occupation of the owner cannot be distrained for rent. Vide Tools.

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She discusses the place of emotionality in the formulation of madness and mental illness and the modern, Western self, including the work of Michel Foucault, and the phases of the emotional aspect of mental illness (the asylum era, the Freudian period, and the biomedical age), examining aspects like the development of the psychological self, the proliferation of mental illnesses as emotional disorders, emotionality and mental illness in the reception of Vincent Van Gogh's work, the emergence of personality disorders, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, neuroscientific research on emotions and its engagement with aesthetics, and the role of neuroimaging in aesthetic renderings of the brain in creating narrative and meaning of emotional disorders.
In 1994, this condition was entered into the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Since then, the diagnosis of Asperger syndrome has increased dramatically.
Kyle's condition appeared to meet the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association, 2000) for PTSD.
According to the fourth edition of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), a child has ADHD if, for a period of six months, he or she exhibits at least six symptoms from a list of 14.
Results of recent studies (Benson, 1985; Jacobson, 1990; Reiss, 1994) have shown that twenty to sixty percent of persons with mental retardation have symptoms which appear to meet criteria for a psychiatric diagnosis as outlined in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition, Revised (DSM-III-R) (American Psychiatric Press, 1987).
They also summarize the current information on mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders found in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM).
The depressive or "mood" disorders most seen with adolescents are Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Dysthymic Disorder (DD) (Reynolds, 1992), and the specific diagnostic criteria for these are outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 1994).
"When did you first want to be female?" "Were you effeminate as a child?" Dee could see the psychiatrist's eyebrows rise when she got an answer that did not fit the conventional "diagnostic" list thrown together for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders out of junk science.
In 1980, repeated childhood aggression received official classification as "conduct disorder" in the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM).
Since 1973, when the professional societies--including the American Psychiatric Association and the American Psychological Association--deleted homosexuality as an illness from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, it would seem that the official stance is one of opposition to considering homosexuals as diseased.

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