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The confirmation or Acknowledgment of the existence of an act performed, of an event that transpired, or of a person who is authorized by another to act in a particular manner.

In tax law, a capital gain is recognized when a taxpayer has actually received payment. Such gain must then be reported on Income Tax forms, and capital gains tax must be paid on it.

In International Law, the term recognition refers to the formal acknowledgment by one state that another state exists as a separate and independent government. Recognition is not a mere technicality. A state has no status among nations until it is recognized by other states, in spite of the fact that it might possess all other attributes of a state, including a definable territory and population, a recognizable government, and a certain amount of continuity or stability.

The decision to recognize a new national government is a political act that is in the discretion of the officials who are responsible for foreign policy. In the United States, the president makes the decision to recognize a country and can do so by making a formal announcement or by having another official, such as the Secretary of State, make the announcement for him. Recognition can also be informal, such as by opening negotiations with a new state or exchanging diplomats with it.

A nation is not truly sovereign and independent unless other nations recognize its sovereignty. Formal recognition operates to assure a new state that it will be permitted to hold its place and rank as an independent political body among the nations.

Recognition takes effect from the time it is given as if the state had always existed, and a new government can carry forward international projects initiated by the old government it replaces.Many difficulties come into play when a government is not recognized. For example, an unrecognized government is not entitled to participate in diplomatic negotiations or to have its laws applied in lawsuits or in jurisdictions.

The term recognition is also used in relation to armed conflicts. If a state of belligerency is recognized, then the law of war applies with all of its protections for prisoners of war and noncombatants. Recognition of a state of belligerency ordinarily comes from an uninvolved state that declares itself neutral. A neutral country is able to recognize a state of belligerency and carry on trade and diplomatic relations with both sides of the conflict.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

RECOGNITION, contracts. An acknowledgment that something which has been done by one man in the name of another, was done by authority of the latter.
     2. A recognition by the principal of the agency of another in the particular instance, or in similar instances, is evidence of the authority of the agent, so that the recognition may be either express or implied. As an instance of an implied recognition may be mentioned the case of one who subscribes policies in the name of another and, upon a loss happening, the latter pays the amount. 1 Camp. R. 43, n. a; 1 Esp. Cas. 61; 4 Camp. R. 88.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
China claims Taiwan as part of its territory and objects to foreign governments and international bodies giving the island any trappings of statehood, such as formal diplomatic recognition;
It can then encourage mutual trade, pursue diplomatic recognition, and form interstate alliances.
Taiwan has attempted to develop unofficial and non-political economic, cultural, and social relations with major countries to replace its loss of diplomatic recognition. When the United States severed diplomatic ties with Taiwan and recognized the PRC, the Coordination Council for North American Affairs of Taiwan and the American Institute in Taiwan were created as unofficial agencies to conduct relations between Washington and Taipei.
One reason is the Vatican's diplomatic recognition of Taiwan.
Outstanding North Korean debt to Australian companies is central to discussions this month in talks on diplomatic recognition for the isolated nation.
oil politics, efforts of political factions within Mexico to promote economic recovery and development, the multinational competition for control of Mexican oil fields and the efforts of Mexico to control its own resources, Mexican efforts to achieve diplomatic recognition of its post-revolutionary regime, and the continuing involvement of U.S.
administration to engage with governments around the world to support Taiwan's diplomatic recognition and strengthen unofficial ties with Taiwan.
Former Afghan President Hamid Karzai, however, strongly opposed the decision to set up a Taliban office in Doha, arguing that it amounted to granting diplomatic recognition to the movement.
Despite switching diplomatic recognition to Beijing in 1979, Washington has remained Taiwan's strongest ally and only foreign supplier of weapons.
In the end of his Statement Erekat said :"As an urgent step to save the two-state solution, we call upon all countries to extend diplomatic recognition to the State of Palestine on the 1967 border.
position as the British parliament passed a non-binding resolution on Monday offering diplomatic recognition to Palestinian statehood, as Sweden did early this month.