disability

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Disability

The lack of competent physical and mental faculties; the absence of legal capability to perform an act.The term disability usually signifies an incapacity to exercise all the legal rights ordinarily possessed by an average person. Convicts, minors, and incompetents are regarded to be under a disability. The term is also used in a more restricted sense when it indicates a hindrance to marriage or a deficiency in legal qualifications to hold office.

The impairment of earning capacity; the loss of physical function resulting in diminished efficiency; the inability to work.

In the context of Workers' Compensation statutes, disability consists of an actual incapacity to perform tasks within the course of employment, with resulting wage loss, in addition to physical impairment that might, or might not, be incapacitating.

Under federal law, the definition of a disability, for Social Security benefits purposes, requires the existence of a medically ascertainable physical or mental impairment that can be expected to result in death or endures for a stated period, and an inability to engage in any substantial gainful activity due to the impairment.

disability

n. 1) a condition which prevents one from performing all usual physical or mental functions. This usually means a permanent state, like blindness, but in some cases is temporary. In recent times society and the law have dictated that people with disabilities should be accommodated and encouraged to operate to their maximum potential and have the right to participate in societal and governmental activity without impediments. Hence, access by ramps, elevators, special parking places and other special arrangements have become required in many statutes. 2) a legal impediment, including being a minor who cannot make a contract, or being insane or incompetent, as determined by others.

disability

(Legal disqualification), noun disablement, impairment, invalidation, invalidity, legal incapacity, unqualification, unqualifiedness, unsuitability, unsuitedness, want of legal capacity, want of legal qualification
Foreign phrases: Contra non valentem agere nulla currit praescriptio.No prescription runs against a person who is unable to act.

disability

(Physical inability), noun affliction, ailment, debilitation, debility, deterioration, disablement, disorder, disqualification, feebleness, frailty, handicap, helplessness, illness, impairment, impotence, impotency, inability, inabillty to work, inadequacy, incapability, incapacitation, incompetence, incompetency, indisposition, ineffectiveness, ineffectuality, ineffectualness, inefficacy, inefficiency, infirmity, insufficiency, malady, powerlessness, sickness, unfitness, unsoundness, weakness
Associated concepts: complete disability, continuous disabillty, disability benefits, disability compensation, disability innurance, general disability, medical disability, mental dissbility, partial disability, physical disability, proof of disability, temporary disability, total disability
See also: detriment, disadvantage, disease, disorder, disqualification, handicap, impediment, impuissance, inability, incapacity, inefficacy, pain

DISABILITY. The want of legal capacity to do a thing.
     2. Persons may be under disability, 1. To make contracts. 2. To bring actions.
     3.-1. Those who want understanding; as idiots, lunatics, drunkards, and infants or freedom to exercise their will, as married women, and persons in duress; or who, in consequence of their situation, are forbidden by the policy of the law to enter into contracts, as trustees, executors, administrators, or guardians, are under disabilities to make contracts. See Parties; Contracts.
    4.-2. The disabilities to sue are, 1. Alienage, when the alien is an enemy. Bac. Ab. Abatement, B 3; Id. Alien, E: Com. Dig. Abatement , K; Co. Litt. 129. 2. Coverture; unless as co-plaintiff with her husband, a married woman cannot sue. 3. Infancy; unless he appears by guardian or prochein ami. Co. Litt. 135, b; 2 Saund. 117, f, n. 1 Bac. Ab. Infancy, K 2 Conn. 357; 7 John. 373; Gould, Pl. c. 5, Sec. 54. 4. That no such person as that named has any existence, is not, or never was, in rerum natura. Com. Dig. Abatement, E 16, 17; 1 Chit. Pl. 435; Gould on Pl. c. 5, Sec. 58; Lawes' Pl. 104; 19 John. 308. By the law of England there are other disabilities; these are, 1. Outlawry. 2. Attainder. 3. Praemunire. 4. Popish recusancy. 5. Monachism.
    5. In the acts of limitation it is provided that persons lying under certain disabilities, such as being non compos, an infant, in prison, or under coverture, shall have the right to bring actions after the disability shall have been removed.
    6. In the construction of this saving in the acts, it has been decided that two disabilities shall not be joined when they occur in different persons; as, if a right of entry accrue to a feme covert, and during the coverture she die, and the right descends to her infant son. But the rule is otherwise when there are several disabilities in the same person; as, if the right accrues to an infant, and before he has attained his full age, he becomes non compos mentis; in this case he may establish his right after the removal of the last disability. 2 Prest. Abs. of Tit. 341 Shep. To. 31; 3 Tho. Co. Litt. pl. 18, note L; 2 H. Bl. 584; 5 Whart. R. 377. Vide Incapacity.

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He traveled across Europe in his wheelchair to raise awareness of the plight of disabled people in Romania, and he established the first sports club for the disabled in the country.
Research is finally coming out that shows, as disabled people have long maintained, that there is an increase in work and community engagement when one has PAS (Richmond, Beatty, Tepper, & DeJong, 1997; Nosek, Fuhrer, & Potter, 1995; Kimmich, 1991.
Disabled people asked Disney to consult with them during the early stages of the film's production.
59 million disabled people between the ages of 16 and 65, the Employment Service estimates that there are 1.
Better understanding of disability and a shift in societal awareness are a key step in allowing disabled people to play a full part in society with the same opportunities to make connections as everybody else.
These are part of a wider package of measures contained in our delivery plan to strengthen the rights of disabled people in this country.
8% - the Office for National Statistics (ONS) does not produce a separate figure for joblessness among disabled people in Wales.
Arc chief executive Annabel Turpin said: "One of the most exciting things about this grant is that it will enable us to work with disabled people as participants, artists and audiences".
Tina Evans, Disability Wales digital communications and inclusion officer said: "There are so many benefits for disabled people by getting online.
Ms McVey said: "If 2013 is the year aspiring disabled people want to set up a business, then Access to Work can help.
He said: "First you make it more difficult for disabled people to claim any support at all, then you make them work for nothing.
Now the Department for Work and Pensions wants more disabled people to check whether they qualify for the scheme.

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