Excommunication

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EXCOMMUNICATION, eccl. law. An ecclesiastical sentence, pronounced by a spiritual judge against a Christian man, by which he is excluded from the body of the church, and disabled to bring any action, or sue any person in the common law courts. Bac. Ab. h.t.; Co. Litt. 133-4. In early times it was the most frequent and most severe method of executing ecclesiastical censure, although proper to be used, said Justinian, (Nov. 123,) only upon grave occasions. The effect of it was to remove the excommunicated "person not only from the sacred rites but from the society of men. In a certain sense it interdicted the use of fire and water, like the punishment spoken of by Caesar, (lib, 6 de Bell. Gall.). as inflicted by the Druids. Innocent IV. called it the nerve of ecclesiastical discipline. On repentance, the excommunicated person was absolved and received again to communion. These are said to be the powers of binding and loosing the keys of the kingdom of heaven. This kind of punishment seems to have been adopted from the Roman usage of interdicting the use of fire and water. Fr. Duaren, De Sacris Eccles. Ministeriis, lib. 1, cap. 3. See Ridley's View of the Civil. and Ecclesiastical Law, 245, 246, 249.

References in periodicals archive ?
individuals are disfellowshipped from Jehovah's organization."
Congregation's judicial committee disfellowshipped his teenage
"I have asked why he has not been disfellowshipped and they have not been able to give me an answer," Karen, who was a member of the Barry congregation, said.
One of the men starts talking: "Your father will be disfellowshipped and your mother publicly reproved for conduct unbecoming a Christian.
Scherr said Longo's lies got him disfellowshipped from his Jehovah's Witnesses church, convicted of theft and fraud, and on the run to an unfamiliar state.
For this he was disfellowshipped by the US Assemblies of God, though when he was showered with honours from the secular and religious world they reinstated him without further comment.
He told the court he was later disfellowshipped from the church in August 1994 but said that was because he had "admitted being drunk" and had "showed a belligerent attitude".
The Longos were devout Jehovah's Witnesses, but he had been disfellowshipped - shunned and isolated from the church - because of his theft and fraud in business dealings in Michigan.
Generally, disfellowshipped persons are forbidden to speak to any church member in good standing, whether necessary or not.(33) Among the Witnesses this rule, although relaxed for a few years, is now held to tenaciously.(34 )Disfellowshipped persons are now viewed with utter contempt, even to the extent that one in this condition is considered dead.(35)
Longo said he acted out of despair over his inability to provide for them and because he'd been "disfellowshipped" from the Jehovah's Witnesses church, Briggs said.
"People don't get disfellowshipped for nothing," said University of Washington sociology professor Rodney Stark.