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Values of the Least Squares Index are within the closed interval <0; 100>, where the value {0} would mean a perfectly proportional distribution of seats, while the maximum (theoretically) achievable value {100} would in turn imply a maximum disproportionality (all seats would be distributed among the parties, which did not receive any votes in the election, and vice versa).
Some scholars attribute racial disproportionality to students and teachers differing in their values, communication styles, and language patterns (e.
Once identified as having a significant disproportionality, the district must set aside 15% of its IDEA Part B funds to provide comprehensive, coordinated early intervening services.
The Court's clarification of the differences between overbreadth, arbitrariness, and gross disproportionality is welcome, but its individualistic approach to those norms is likely to be difficult to apply.
According to Ford (2012) the terms disproportionality and overrepresentation do not mean the same thing.
In the last two decades, the doctrines of arbitrariness, overbreadth, and gross disproportionality have rapidly developed.
Data source: A retrospective disproportionality analysis of all 1,580 reports of impulse control disorders in an FDA database of adverse drug reactions during a 10-year period.
Despite its fascinating intricacies, the book kept reminding me of Aquinas's admonition that, because of the disproportionality of infinite being to finite being, we can speak more truthfully about what God is not than about what God is.
To address the disproportionality described here it is important not merely to conduct ethnic or gender monitoring (or indeed, monitoring of any of the protected characteristics set out in the Equality Act 2010).
Third, and most importantly for the purposes of this study, the selected sample fully represents two main sources of disproportionality and overhang seats in mixed compensatory systems, the lack of correspondence between parties' proportional seat entitlements and the numbers of gained district seats, and the presence of successful independent candidates and / or candidates affiliated with parties not entitled for proportional seat allocation.