Office

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OFFICE. An office is a right to exercise a public function or employment, and to take the fees and emoluments belonging to it,. Shelf. on Mortm. 797; Cruise, Dig. Index, h.t.; 3 Serg. & R. 149.
     2. Offices may be classed into civil and military.
     3.-1. Civil offices may be classed into political, judicial, and ministerial.
     4.-1. The political offices are such as are not connected immediately with the administration of justice, or the execution of the mandates of a superior officer; the office of the president of the United States, of the heads of departments, of the members of the legislature, are of this number.
     5.-2. The judicial offices are those which relate to the administration of justice, and which must be exercised by persons of sufficient skill and experience in the duties which appertain to them.
     6.-3. Ministerial offices are those which give the officer no power to judge of the matter to be done, and require him to obey the mandates of a superior. 7 Mass. 280. See 5 Wend. 170; 10 Wend. 514; 8 Vern. 512; Breese, 280. It is a general rule, that a judicial office cannot be exercised by deputy, while a ministerial may.
     7. In the United, States, the tenure of office never extends beyond good behaviour. In England, offices are public or private. The former affect the people generally, the latter are such as concern particular districts, belonging to private individuals. In the United States, all offices, according to the above definition, are public; but in another sense, employments of a private nature are also called offices; for example, the office of president of a bank, the office of director of a corporation. For the incompatibility of office, see Incompatibility; 4 S. & R. 277; 4 Inst. 100; Com. Dig. h.t., B. 7; and vide, generally, 3 Kent, Com. 362; Cruise, Dig. tit. 25; Ham. N. P. 283; 16 Vin. Ab. 101; Ayliffe's Parerg. 395; Poth. Traite des Choses, Sec. 2; Amer. Dig. h.t.; 17 S. & R. 219.
     8.-2. Military offices consist of such as are granted to soldiers or naval officers.
     9. The room in which the business of an officer is transacted is also called an office, as the land office. Vide Officer.

OFFICE, INQUEST OF. An examination into a matter by an officer in virtue of his office. Vide Inquisition.

References in periodicals archive ?
The strong, candid--sometimes even offensive!--language of the divine office grants permission for those less-polished parts to be offered to God.
"Vespers" contradicts the pretensions of arcadian and utopian myths of fulfillment in terms of the Divine Office and in particular the themes and expectations associated with the liturgical form of evening prayer.
Second, the collection lacks an adequate overview of the medieval Office, Lila Collamore's eight-page "Prelude: Charting the Divine Office" standing in its place.
Benedict of Nursia, who made the divine office a central part of Benedictine spirituality.
Daily pill-taking can be compared to priests' obligation to pray the Divine Office at set times of the day.
It may surprise those who enjoy polemicizing Rahner's alleged rationalism and anti-Romanism that he had a rich devotional life, characterized by an attachment to the traditional mass and to the traditional elements of the life of piety for priests, including the Divine Office and the rosary.
Revealing too is her account of the kinds of prayer that were independent of the Divine Office but never "informal" or "private" (as has often been argued in the past).
There are "lower defection rates from celibacy and the priesthood for priests who celebrate Mass, pray the Divine Office, make a holy hour, do spiritual reading on a daily basis, and see a spiritual director regularly, the author states.
(53) The small bell depicted in Raphael's painting is apparently a nola (a handbell or table-bell), which was rung in the choir where priests gather to pray the divine office. (54) The religious function of a bell is usually described as praising God, honoring the saints, proclaiming a peace, announcing a death, inviting prayers for the dead, and summoning the faithful to prayer (the Angelus, Mass, Matins, and so on) or calling priests and monks to assemble for the recitation of the divine office.
That construct is the diatonic system; it was inherited from Greek and Roman music, but in an overgeneralized, abstract form not very useful for singers, unsuited to music pedagogy -- and pedagogy was the pressing need for cantors who had to instruct monastic and cathedral choirs in singing Gregorian chant for Mass and the Divine Office. What both Hucbald and the author of the Musica enchiriadis did was to isolate a small tonal construct, a tetrachord with the intervals tone-semitonetone (for instance D-E-F-G) as the only construct that a singer needed to internalize.
After an introductory section, which chronicles the development of scientific work on liturgy since the seventeenth century, the book moves into its main part - the liturgical books of the mass, the divine office, and the other sacraments and rites.
Also known as the Divine Office, the Hours are comprised of a four-week cycle of the psalms, biblical readings and songs, prayers of intercession, blessings, and other readings from spiritual writings, separated into morning, evening, daytime, and night prayer, and an office (collection) of readings.