office

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office

noun appointment, assigned task, berth, billet, bureau, business, capacity, charge, duty, employment, function, incumbency, job, munus, occupation, officium, partes, place of business, place of employment, position, post, profession, role, service, situation, station, trade, trust, work, work place
Associated concepts: impeachment from public office, malfeasance in office, misconduct in office, misfeasance in office, neglect of duty, nonfeasance in office, removal from office, vacancy in office
Foreign phrases: Officium nemini debet esse damnosum.An office ought to be injurious to no one. Nemo duobus utatur officiis. No one should hold two offices at the same time. Officia judicialia non concedantur antequam vaaent. Judicial offices are not to be granted or appointed beeore they become vacant.
See also: agency, appointment, bureau, business, calling, career, chamber, chapter, commission, duty, employment, firm, function, mission, obligation, occupation, organ, position, post, profession, province, pursuit, sphere, title, trade, work

OFFICE. An office is a right to exercise a public function or employment, and to take the fees and emoluments belonging to it,. Shelf. on Mortm. 797; Cruise, Dig. Index, h.t.; 3 Serg. & R. 149.
     2. Offices may be classed into civil and military.
     3.-1. Civil offices may be classed into political, judicial, and ministerial.
     4.-1. The political offices are such as are not connected immediately with the administration of justice, or the execution of the mandates of a superior officer; the office of the president of the United States, of the heads of departments, of the members of the legislature, are of this number.
     5.-2. The judicial offices are those which relate to the administration of justice, and which must be exercised by persons of sufficient skill and experience in the duties which appertain to them.
     6.-3. Ministerial offices are those which give the officer no power to judge of the matter to be done, and require him to obey the mandates of a superior. 7 Mass. 280. See 5 Wend. 170; 10 Wend. 514; 8 Vern. 512; Breese, 280. It is a general rule, that a judicial office cannot be exercised by deputy, while a ministerial may.
     7. In the United, States, the tenure of office never extends beyond good behaviour. In England, offices are public or private. The former affect the people generally, the latter are such as concern particular districts, belonging to private individuals. In the United States, all offices, according to the above definition, are public; but in another sense, employments of a private nature are also called offices; for example, the office of president of a bank, the office of director of a corporation. For the incompatibility of office, see Incompatibility; 4 S. & R. 277; 4 Inst. 100; Com. Dig. h.t., B. 7; and vide, generally, 3 Kent, Com. 362; Cruise, Dig. tit. 25; Ham. N. P. 283; 16 Vin. Ab. 101; Ayliffe's Parerg. 395; Poth. Traite des Choses, Sec. 2; Amer. Dig. h.t.; 17 S. & R. 219.
     8.-2. Military offices consist of such as are granted to soldiers or naval officers.
     9. The room in which the business of an officer is transacted is also called an office, as the land office. Vide Officer.

OFFICE, INQUEST OF. An examination into a matter by an officer in virtue of his office. Vide Inquisition.

References in periodicals archive ?
The challenge for Auden in Horae Canonicae, and "Vespers" in particular, is to understand the implications of this conclusion, while at the same time remaining faithful to the transcendent imperative of the Divine Office which is as much a prayer of praise exulting in the fulfillment of an eternal vow as it is an unending song of grief and longing for transcendence in the midst of suffering and historical uncertainty.
The prologue was also used in the matins of the divine office for Christmas.
The document opens by stressing the emphasis on the spirituality of convent life, and by calling for a restoration of regularity in the Divine Office.
The Divine Office in the Latin Middle Ages: Methodology and Source Studies, Regional Developments, Hagiography.
Similarly, she accepts as historically reliable John Cassian's description of the divine office in Egyptian monasticism, whereas acquaintance with the work of Taft and Veilleux would have advised a greater degree of caution.
He began his day praying privately his Breviary, the shortened (abbreviated) version of the Divine Office sung by the monks.
However, the discussion on the Liturgy of the Hours includes a fine essay on the liturgical seasons, the structure of the Divine Office, its monastic and cathedral forms, and a brief account of the development of Eucharist spirituality through its many forms over the centuries.
One benefit gained through regular participation in the Liturgy of the Hours, or Divine Office as it is also known, is discipline.
The "hours" referred to in the title of the book are the hours of the Divine Office of the Church, which hours are here used as chapter headings.
Sulpitius's in Diest, delighted in fishing, hunting, merchandizing, drinking, and gambling more than in singing the divine office with his fellow canons.
From the same set of choir books, John Stinson presents an edition of the largely unpublished text and music for the Divine Office.
For this remarkable woman, the Spirit was both music and musician, a timbrel player who inspired the chant of the Benedictine Divine Office that she so loved (after the model of the angelic choirs eternally dedicated to singing God's praises).