Other leathers (shorts, pants, chaps, vest, jacket--usually in that order) would be presented to the submissive when the Dominant felt they had properly learned some aspect of the leather culture or had pleased the Dominant in some way.
When a submissive automatically takes something they've been told and they implement it into the relationship/lifestyle, that is impressive to a Dominant and we want to reward them for having done so.
This finding was reflected in the dominance indices of dominants, subordinates, and intruders during this period (Fig.
During the intruder phase (P2), intruders performed similar average numbers of aggressive acts toward the dominants (11.3 [+ or -] 7.9) and subordinates (12.0 [+ or -] 6.7; Mann-Whitney U test: P = 0.562).
Experiment 3: separate defeat of dominants and subordinates
Interestingly, during this intruder period the larger intruders defeated all of the original subordinates, but only 80% of original dominants (12 of 15).
To test the effects of a 20-min separation period between P1 and P3, and to identify effects of multiple tank transfers, we performed the following control experiment: after P1, dominants and subordinates of equal sizes were isolated for 20 min in separate tanks, with no other animal present, and then reunited in a new tank for P3.
Similarly, the dominants expressed that "willingness to follow orders" or "obedience" was an essential part of being submissive.
Another participant insisted that a good dominant is "kind and gentle, but sometimes not necessarily in a soft way." Another dominant expressed this balance: "I'm very empathetic, without always being sympathetic." Participants expressed the belief that this empathy was founded on a deep connection that helps dominants to intuit when something goes wrong during a scene and teaches dominants to be nurturing and encouraging, with several dominants emphasizing the importance of praise and positive reinforcement.
Interestingly, although the current study set out to look at the benefits that might be particular to each end of the BDSM role spectrum, most of the benefits described by participants were mentioned by dominants and submissives alike.
This was a very exciting prospect to many of the participants, as epitomized by a female submissive who stated, "God, I jump at the opportunity to do anything he wants um [laughs] just 'cause it's so satisfying." Although it could be expected that this would be primarily submissives focusing on pleasing their dominants, this was not the case.
Rather than taking the S&M dynamic and applying it to economics (as some interpret her efforts), Richey addresses how details such as the dominant
urge to conquer and the submissive hunger to kneel remain "similar" regardless of what magnification level they are viewed at in human nature.