Duplicate


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DUPLICATE. The double of anything.
     2. It is usually applied to agreements, letters, receipts, and the like, when two originals are made of either of them. Each copy has the same effect. The term duplicate means a document, which is essentially the same as some other instrument. 7 Mann. & Gr. 93. In the English law, it also signifies the certificate of discharge given to an insolvent debtor, who takes the benefit of the act for the relief of insolvent debtors.
     3. A duplicate writing has but one effect. Each duplicate is complete evidence of the intention of the parties. When a duplicate is destroyed, for example, in the case of a will, it is presumed. both are intended to be destroyed; but this presumption possesses greater or less force) owing to circumstances. When only one of the duplicates is in the possession of the testator, the destruction of that is a strong presumption of an intent to revoke both; but if he possessed both, and destroys but one, it is weaker; when he alters one, and afterwards destroys it , retaining the other entire, it has been held that the intention was to revoke both. 1 P. Wms. 346; 13 Ves. 310 but that seems to be doubted. 3 Hagg. Eccl. R. 548.

References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore, it is necessary to apply to the MES to determine the institution that will issue a duplicate. A copy of the court decision or formal letter confirming the apostille must be attached to the application.
'[We] will continue to address this concern until all duplicates in the database are eliminated,' the agency said.
Systweak Duplicate Files Fixer & Remover is a duplicate file finder app that scans and deletes all sorts of duplicate files on your Android device.
But, the problem I've experienced most often is duplicates of my own records, due to the unconventional spelling.
As the duplicate rate climbs, so too does the level of resources required to keep systems clean.
olivaceus DNAH9 occurred during FSGD, and the duplicates showed a divergent evolution path, undergoing a period of duplication-degeneration-complementation and then obtaining a new function.
Better duplicate detection for systematic reviewers: evaluation of systematic review assistant-deduplication module.
In addition, the duplicate gallbladder demonstrated pyloric metaplasia and hyperplasia of the muscularis propria.
By looking at the results of the Duplicate Details query, we can see that all the duplicate records have a Category value of "Direct Materials Needed." So add the Category field to the query design.
Duplicate and mirror web pages are seen in plenty in the World Wide Web [1].
[14] proposed a fast and effective method in which each image is compactly represented by a K-bit hash code to detect all visually duplicate groups in large image collections.
* Duplicate distribution of e-mails with the same attached documents being retained in the e-mail archive