It should be noted that the Asabiyyah is similar to both Marx's idea of class consciousness and to Veblen's idea of corporate solidarity and of the rising dynastic state
. Marx was interested in the way class solidarity amongst the proletariat induced the transformation of capitalism, while Veblen analysed the solidarity of large corporations when making money, not goods, and, in a slightly different context, the way it underpinned the rise of the German imperial state.
Wood, The King's Army: Warfare, Soldiers, and Society During the Wars of Religion in France, 1562-1576 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996); David Parrott, Richelieu's Army: War, Government and Society in France, 1624-1642 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001); and Guy Rowlands, The Dynastic State
and the Army Under Louis XIV: Royal Service and Private Interest, 1661-1701 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).
An unprincipled opportunist, Abbad made the most of a chaotic situation to found a dynastic state
and expand his power.
Imber concludes that the empire was a dynastic state
, in which power was maintained by ties between the ruler and his subordinates, especially the elite of the empire.