(redirected from ELBW)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Acronyms, Encyclopedia.
Related to ELBW: very low birth weight

WEIGHT. A quality in natural bodies, by which they tend towards the centre of the earth.
     2. Under the article Measure, (q.v.) it is said that by the constitution congress possesses the power "to fix the standard of weights and measures," and that this power has not been exercised.
     3. The weights now generally used in the United States, are the same as those of England; they are of two kinds:

     1. AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT. 1st. Used in almost all commercial transactions, and in the common dealings of life. 27 1/3 1/2 grains = 1 dram 16 drams = 1 ounce 16 ounces = 1 pound, (lb.) 28 pounds = 1 quarter, (qr.) 4 quarters = 1 hundred weight, (cwt.) 20 hundred weight = 1 ton. 2d. Used for meat and fish. 8 pounds = 1 stone 3d. Used in the wool trade.
     Cwt. qr. lb. 7 pounds = 1 clove 14 pounds = 1 stone = 0 0 14 2 stones = 1 tod = 0 1 0 6 1/2 tods = 1 wey = 1 2 14 2 weys = 1 sack = 3 1 0 12 sacks = 1 last = 39 0 0 4th. Used for butter and cheese. 8 pounds = 1 clove 56 pounds = 1 firkin.
     2. TROY WEIGHT. 24 grams = 1 pennyweight 20 pennyweights = 1 ounce 12 ounces = 1 pound.

     4. These are the denominations of troy weight, when used for weighing gold, silver and precious stones, except diamonds. Troy weight is also used by apothecaries in compounding medicines; and by them the ounce is divided into eight drams, and the drain into three scruples, so that the latter is equal to twenty grains. For scientific purposes, the grain only is used, and sets of weights are constructed in decimal progression, from 10,000 grains downward to one-hundredth of a grain. The caret, used for weighing diamonds, is three and one-sixth grains.
     5. A short account of the French weights and measures is given under the article Measure.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
[8] may not be applicable in this instance because calculating fluid based on the baby's existing fluid compartment cannot be construed as "fluid overload." We have observed that using birth weight for protein calculations (till birth weight was regained), instead of current daily weight, could result in improved growth outcomes in ELBW infants without any adverse effects on other neonatal morbidities.
Ca concentrations were low for all the groups, while Na levels for ELBW group were significantly higher than the others (pless than 0.05) (Table-3).
Experienced multidisciplinary NICU staff with interest and expertise in caring for ELBW patients became the initiative's core team members.
Of the total 542 children included in this study, 15 (2.8%) were ELBW, 96 (17.7%) were LBW and 446 (82.3%) were NBW children.
The plasma of premature neonates, especially extremely low birth weight (ELBW) newborns, had a lower opsonophagocytic capacity than term neonates and adults for SA [65].
It is noteworthy that Shum et al., (2008) mentions that there are few studies on attention (both focused and sustained) in which groups VLBW and ELBW children are compared with a full-term group.
The finding is important because the influence of gender alone on the outcome of extremely-low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants has not been described.
In a study of 26 extremely-low-birth-weight (ELBW) children born in 1983 and 1984 and 26 term peers, ELBW children were more likely to have poor vision, to be in special education, to score lower on the Functional Status II-Revised (FSII-R) test, and to be viewed by their parents as having less adaptive behaviors, said Ms.
One study compared temperament and pain sensitivity (reactivity) among extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants, heavier preterm infants, and full-term infants at 18 months of age.
Results of recent short-term studies have indicated that overall rates of neurologic morbidity were not increasing, despite the survival of many more extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants.
Survival and morbidity in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants.