Year

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YEAR. The period in which the revolution of the earth round the sun, and the accompanying changes in the order of nature, are completed.
     2. The civil year differs from the astronomical, the latter being composed of 365 days, 5 hours, 48 seconds and a fraction, while the former consists, sometimes of three hundred and sixty-five days, and at others, in leap years, of three hundred and sixty-six days.
     3. The year is divided into half-year which consists, according to Co. Litt. 135 b, of 182 days; and quarter of a year, which consists of 91 days, Ibid. and 2 Roll. Ab. 521, 1. 40. It is further divided into twelve months.
     4. The civil year commences immediately after twelve o'clock at night of the thirty-first day of December, that is the first moment of the first day of January, and ends at midnight of the thirty-first day of December, twelve mouths thereafter. Vide Com. Dig. Ann.; 2 Bl. Com. by Chitty, 140, n.; Chitt. Pr. Index tit. Time alteration of the calendar (q.v.) from old to new style in England, (see Bissextile,) and the colonies of that country in America, the year in chronological reckoning was supposed to commence with the first day of January, although the legal year did not commence until March 25th, the intermediate time being doubly indicated: thus February 15, 1724, and so on. This mode of reckoning was altered by the statute 24 Geo. II. cap. 23, which gave rise to an act of assembly of Pennsylvania, passed March 11, 1752; 1 Sm. Laws, 217, conforming thereto, and also to the repeal of the act of 1710.
     5. In New York it is enacted that whenever the term "year" or "years" is or shall be used in any statute, deed, verbal or written contract, or any public or private instrument whatever, the year intended shall be taken to consist of three hundred and sixty-five days; half a year of a hundred and eighty-two days; and a quarter of a year of ninety-two days; and the day of a leap year, and the day immediately preceding, if they shall occur in any period so to be computed, shall be reckoned together as one day. Rev. Stat. part 1, c. 19, t. 1, Sec. 3.

References in periodicals archive ?
The distinction is that the "0.1 meter per Earth year" rate is for the big mounds of sand (the dunes), and the "several meters over 105 Earth days" is for the ripples on top of the dunes.
The measurements, which were taken 105 Earth days apart, showed that dunes moved with an average speed of 0.1 meter per Earth year. Although that migration rate is one-tenth to one-hundredth the speed of terrestrial dunes with comparable heights, the average rate of sand transport--the volume of sand moved over a certain distance in a certain time--is about equal to that of dunes in Victoria Valley, Antarctica, the team reported in the May 17th Nature.
If the star, known as R136a1, took the place of the sun in our solar system, its gravitational attraction would pull our planet in so close that the length of an Earth year would shrink to three weeks.
Methane is a fragile compound, and the variations in its concentration indicate that methane in the Martian atmosphere lasts for less than one Earth year and is constantly being replenished, Mumma says.
6, 2013 -- one Earth year after the rover landed on Mars -- NASA engineers programmed the rover to vibrate its soil analysis unit to the tune of "Happy Birthday."
But Hanlon writes on page 196, "by March the rovers' predicted lifespans had been increased to eight months." As I write this review in January 2005, the rovers have thrived on Mars for a full Earth year (March issue, page 40), and they're still going strong.
While the solar-powered rover will perambulate the rocky terrain of Mars, drill through the surface to collect samples, and look for signs of organic material and the possibility of life - extant or extinct - the surface platform will, over the course of one Earth year, investigate the environment at the landing site.
Terrified or not, Paddy Power is boldly going where no bookmaker has gone before and running a book on extra-terrestrial life being proven to exist in a particular Earth year.
NASA's $286 million MESSENGER (Mercury Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry, and Ranging) spacecraft would examine Mercury's atmosphere and entire surface for 1 Earth year with a suite of detectors including cameras, spectrometers, and a magnetometer.
 - the surface platform will, over the course of one Earth year, investigate the environment at the landing site.
For Chinese women holding a strog commitment to traditional beliefs, those who were born in an earth year and developed cancer died 3.3 years earlier than other Chinese cancer victims.