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THEOCRACY. A species of government which claims to be immediately directed by God.
     2. La religion qui, dans l'antiquite, s'associa souvent au despotisms, pour regner. par son bras ou a son ombrage, a quelquefois tents de regner seule. Clest ce qu'elle appelait le regne de Dieu, la thiocratie. Matter, De l'influence des Moeurs sur les lois, et de l'influence dos Lois sur les moeurs, 189. Religion, which in former times, frequently associated itself with despotism, to reign, by its power, or under its shadow, has sometimes attempted to reign alone, and this she has called the reign of God, theocracy.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bouscaren and Ellis, in their commentary on Canon 1371, remark as follows: "those who do not seem morally and psychologically suited to the ecclesiastical state should be dismissed from the seminary".
4) His arguments in favor of a hierocratic papacy as an ecclesiastical state and as a universal spiritual authority.
Ecclesiastical careers were often not personally motivated, but rather were decided by parents, who appreciated not only the revenues of the benefice, but also the fiscal and judicial privileges inherent in the ecclesiastical state. Those who succeeded in acquiring such benefices could be expected to have a reasonable level of culture, further honed by diocesan initiatives at the end of the 17th century.