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While MRC scores did not seem to demonstrate overall posttreatment improvement, AROM did reveal greater range in all reported joint parameters (shoulder abduction, shoulder flexion, elbow flexion, and wrist extension).
Because the patient complained of limited elbow ROM (elbow flexion, 110[degrees]; extension, -50[degrees]) and irritation from the olecranon hardware, a second operation was performed 14 months after surgery.
The long head of the biceps also plays a stabilizing role in the glenohumeral joint during elbow flexion and supination.
We found that the PD group in the ON state generally used the same joint configurations and had similar levels of haptic sensitivity compared to the healthy control group; however, individuals with PD in the OFF state exhibited differences in shoulder flexion compared to the those of the healthy control group and differences in shoulder flexion and elbow flexion compared to those in the ON state.
Furthermore, 12 weeks of multicomponent training affected physical fitness in all groups (-786T>C, Glu298Asp, and intron 4b/a) which presented better results after the intervention in the elbow flexion, sit and stand up, and six-minute walking tests.
There was a significant increase (p < 0.0001) in mean supination strength at 0[degrees], 45[degrees], 90[degrees], and 135[degrees] positions of the forearm at 90[degrees] elbow flexion in comparison to full elbow extension at 0[degrees] in both male and female participants (see Figure 3).
The forward function renders elbow flexion movement through clockwise rotation of motor.
It would appear that in the side-on orientation the players would rely on the arms, specifically the stance elbow flexion, head flexion, stance side wrist flexion and pass side wrist flexion.
The Comparison of the Measurements Reliability by Goniometer and Smart-phone Between Three Physicians (Inter-Rater Reliability) Movement Type ICC 95% CI Goniometer Elbow Flexion .77 0.64-0.85 Elbow pronation .79 0.69-0.87 Elbow supination .91 0.86-0.94 Smartphone Elbow Flexion .95 0.93-0.97 Elbow pronation .98 0.97-0.98 Elbow supination .98 0.97-0.98 Table 2.
After the triceps repair and skin closure, an above elbow slab was applied in approximately 20 to 30 degrees of elbow flexion. Slab was removed at 2nd week and active range of motion exercises was started.
A previous study of similar design found higher ROM variability when the neck remained in neutral and the end point was marked by 'firm resistance' - 27[degrees] and 20[degrees] of elbow flexion for the median and radial ULNTs, respectively (Covill and Petersen 2012), compared to 15[degrees] and 11[degrees], respectively, in the present study.