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1 the computation of the amount due to an insured and the fixing of the proportion to be borne by the underwriters.
2 in Scottish civil procedure, the changing of the writ or defences before the record is closed.


Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

ADJUSTMENT, maritime law. The adjustment of a loss is the settling and ascertaining the amount of the indemnity which the insured after all proper allowances and deductions have been made, is entitled to receive, and the proportion of this, which each underwriter is liable to pay, under the policy Marsh. Ins. B. 1, c. 14, p. 617 or it is a written admission of the amounts of the loss as settled between the parties to a policy of insurance. 3 Stark. Ev. 1167, 8.
     2. In adjusting a loss, the first thing to be considered is, how the quantity of damages for which the underwriters are liable, shall be ascertained. When a loss is a total loss, and the insured decides to abandon, he must give notice of this to the underwriters iii a reasonable time, otherwise he will waive his right to abandon, and must be content to claim only for a partial loss. Marsh. Ins. B.1, c.3, s.2; 15 East, 559; 1 T. R. 608; 9 East, 283; 13 East 304; 6 Taunt. 383. When the loss is admitted to be total, and the policy is a valued one, the insured is entitled to receive the whole sum insured, subject to such deductions as may have been agreed by the policy to be made in case of loss.
     3. The quantity of damages being known, the next point to be settled, is, by what rule this shall be estimated. The price of a thing does not afford a just criterion to ascertain its true value. It may have been bought very dear or very cheap. The circumstances of time and place cause a continual variation in the price of things. For this reason, in cases of general average, the things saved contribute not according to prune cost, but according to the price for which they may be sold at the time of settling the average. Marsh. Ins. B. 1, c. 14, s. 2, p. 621; Laws of Wisbury, art. 20 Laws of Oleron, art. 8 this Dict. tit. Price. And see 4 Dall. 430; 1 Caines' R. 80; 2 S. & R. 229 2 S.& R. 257, 258.
     4. An adjustment being endorsed on the policy, and signed by the underwriters, with the promise to pay in a given time, is prima facie evidence against them, and amounts to an admission of all the facts necessary to be proved by the insured to entitle him to recover in an action on the policy. It is like a note of hand, and being proved, the insured has no occasion to go into proof of any other circumstances. Marsh. Ins. B. 1, c. 14, s. 3, p. 632; 3 Stark. Ev. 1167, 8 Park. ch. 4; Wesk. Ins, 8; Beaw. Lex. Mer. 310; Com. Dig. Merchant, E 9; Abbott on Shipp. 346 to 348. See Damages.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The 200 is sporting in nature with a lovely interior, great looking unusual instruments and superb leather seats with electric adjustment.
I liked the large digital speedo readout in the centre of the dashboard and I thought the 'fixed hub' steering wheel an excellent idea Seats, leather clad in the "Exclusive" test car, were snug, comfortable and offered a good degree of support with electric adjustment for the driver.
The SR adds electric adjustment for the driver's seat, parking sensors and sat nav, while the Limited adds heated leather seats, electric adjustment for the front passenger, headlamp washers and more.
It features twin LED headlights, 19-inch alloy wheels, panoramic sunroof, LED tail lights, twin exhaust pipes, silver skid plates, 4.2-inch driver information display, 8.0-inch touchscreen infotainment system with satellite navigation, dual-zone automatic climate control, ventilated front seats with 8-way electric adjustment, Electronic Parking Brake (EPB), AEB (Autonomous Emergency Braking), BSD (Blind Spot Detection), LKAS (Lane Departure Warning System with Lane Keep Assist), SCL (Static Cornering Lights) and Tyre Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS).
Equipment is generous across the range and my car boasted pretty much all the creature comforts, including heated front sports seats with electric adjustment, dualzone climate control, seven-inch multimedia screen with Lexus' mouse-style remote controller, rear view camera and automatic lights and wipers.
That one ups the goodies count to include bigger alloys, cruise control, keyless entry, satellite navigation on a big central colour screen, bright high intensity headlights, wireless charging pad for (the right) mobile phones, electric adjustment for the driver's seat and a powered tailgate.
That one ups the goodies count to include bigger alloys, cruise control, keyless entry, satellite navigation on a big central colour screen, bright high-intensity headlights, wireless charging pad for (the right) mobile phones, electric adjustment for the driver's seat and a powered (up and down) tailgate.
FX GT customers get Bi-Xenon adaptive headlights that turn with the steering wheel, full leather trim, heated and cooled front seats with electric adjustment, I-Key smart access, cruise control, electric sunroof, 2Gb music jukebox, rear view camera and cruise control.
The GT version weighs in at pounds 36,500 and gains leather upholstery plus electric adjustment for the heated front seats and steering wheel..
Electric adjustment and heating is added for the leather-upholstered sports seats and there is DVD satellite navigation and a CD changer playing through a 465-watt Bang & Olufsen audio system.
There is also a large boot, while typically generous VW kit levels come as standard and include comfortably supportive front sports seats with electric adjustment for the driver.