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Related to Emphatic consonant: Pharyngealization
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Lonnet and Simeone-Serelle also confirm that the emphatic consonants of MSA are glottalized rather than pharyngealized, placing MSA with Ethiopic, against Arabic; this supports the conclusion that Proto-Semitic emphatics were glottalized ejectives.
They were articulated with the root of the tongue retracted toward the pharyngeal wall; the initial consonants of such syllables were like Russian hard consonants, or probably even more strongly pharyngealized like the emphatic consonants of Arabic.