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1) n. a person who is not a citizen of the country. 2) in the United States any person born in another country to parents who are not American and who has not become a naturalized citizen. There are resident aliens officially permitted to live in the country and illegal aliens who have sneaked into the country or stayed beyond the time allowed on a visa. 3) v. to convey title to property.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


a person who is not a British citizen, a Commonwealth citizen, a BRITISH PROTECTED person or a citizen of the Republic of Ireland.

At common law, a distinction is drawn between friendly aliens and enemy aliens, with the latter comprising not only citizens of hostile states but also all others voluntarily living in enemy territory or carrying on business there; enemy aliens are subject to additional disabilities.

Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

ALIEN, persons. One born out of the jurisdiction of the United States, who has not since been naturalized under their constitution and laws. To this there are some exceptions, as this children of the ministers of the United States in foreign courts. See Citizen, Inhabitant.
     2. Aliens are subject to disabilities, have rights, and are bound to perform duties, which will be briefly considered. 1. Disabilities. An alien cannot in general acquire title to real estate by the descent, or by other mere operation of law; and if he purchase land, he may be divested of the fee, upon an inquest of office found. To this general rule there are statutory exceptions in some of the states; in Pennsylvania, Ohio, Louisiana, New Jersey, Rev. Laws, 604, and Michigan, Rev. St. 266, s. 26, the disability has been removed; in North Carolina, (but see Mart. R. 48; 3 Dev. R. 138; 2 Hayw. 104, 108; 3 Murph. 194; 4 Dev. 247; Vermont and Virginia, by constitutional provision; and in Alabama, 3 Stew R. 60; Connecticut, act of 1824, Stat. tit. Foreigners, 251; Indiana, Rev. Code, a. 3, act of January 25, 1842; Illinois, Kentucky, 1 Litt. 399; 6 Mont. 266 Maine, Rev. St,. tit. 7, c. 93, s. 5 Maryland, act of 1825, ch. 66; 2 Wheat. 259; and Missouri, Rev. Code, 1825, p. 66, by statutory provision it is partly so.
     3. An alien, even after being naturalized, is ineligible to the office of president of the United States; and in some states, as in New York, to that of governor; he cannot be a member of congress, till the expiration of seven years after his naturalization. An alien can exercise no political rights whatever; he cannot therefore vote at any political election, fill any office, or serve as a juror. 6 John. R. 332.
     4.-2. An alien has a right to acquire personal estate, make and enforce contracts in relation to the same - he is protected from injuries, and wrongs, to his person and property, his relative rights and character; he may sue and be sued.
     5.-3. He owes a temporary local allegiance, and his property is liable to taxation. Aliens are either alien friends or alien enemies. It is only alien friends who have the rights above enumerated; alien enemies are incapable, during the existence of war to sue, and may be ordered out of the country. See generally, 2 Kent. Com. 43 to 63; 1 Vin. Ab. 157; 13 Vin. ab. 414; Bac. Ab. h.t.; 1 Saund. 8, n.2; Wheat. Dig. h.t.; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Writing alone in the second book, Enemy Aliens: Double Standards and Constitutional Freedoms in the War on Terrorism ("Enemy Aliens"), Cole brings these criticisms up to date through the summer of 2003.
While it seems to have been the intent of the law's framers to confiscate only property owned by bona fide Northerners--that is, people who had established a domicile in a Northern state--it did not take a particularly great leap of imagination to suggest that a person's anti-Confederate attitude, rather than place of residence, might render the individual an enemy alien.
Hobson, John Marshall and the Enemy Alien, 9 Green Bag 2d 39 (2005) (reporting case of United States v.
In other words, my mother was wrongly classified as an enemy alien.
terms of the Enemy Alien Act presumed that nondangerous enemy aliens
The reliance on imports was brought into prominence by the introduction of legislation in 1914 that gave the government the power to pass any regulation necessary for "public safety, the defence of New Zealand, or the effective conduct of the military or naval operations of His Majesty during the present war." (4) In 1915, the regulations were extended to include the ability for the Public Trust to take over any running of any company which was 50% or more owned by "enemy aliens."
According to the bill, the 'enemy alien' is a militant whose identity is unascertainable as Pakistani in the locality where he has been arrested or in the locality where he claims to be residing whether by documentary or oral evidence.
The Bill defines "enemy alien" as "a militant" whose identity "is unascertainable as a Pakistani, in the locality where he has been arrested or in the locality where he claims to be residing, whether by documentary or oral evidence; or who has been deprived of his citizenship by naturalisation".
The first presidential proclamation under the Enemy Alien Act did not occur until the War of 1812, when President Madison ordered that alien enemies who resided within forty miles of tide water must report to local marshals for assigned residency or other measures.
Kallmann grew up in a Jewish home in Berlin during the Nazi era and was sent on a Kindertransport to England as a teenager just before the outbreak of war, only to be interned there as a German enemy alien after war broke out.
Following Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor on the morning of December 7, 1941, Roosevelt issued Presidential Proclamations 2525, 2526, and 2527, which instantly certified Japanese, German, and Italian immigrants as "enemy aliens." Like the controversial Enemy Alien Act of 1798, the declarations technically pertained only to citizens not born in the United States.
In May 1940 Kallmann was arrested as an enemy alien; in July he was sent to Canada, where he spent three years in internment camps.