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Related to Enterochromaffin cells: serotonin, carcinoid syndrome

CELL. A small room in a prison. See Dungeon.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, the amount of melatonin produced in the GI tract by enterochromaffin cells is 400 times greater than that produced by the pineal gland.
Yadav and colleagues were the first to show that serotonin produced by the enterochromaffin cells of the duodenum inhibits bone formation and that targeting tryptophan hydroxylase-1 (Tph-1), the rate-limiting enzyme in serotonin synthesis might be an effective strategy to promote new bone formation.
Stimulation of the vomiting center can occur from the release of serotonin from enterochromaffin cells in the gastrointestinal tract by chemotherapy.
It is thought that CT stimulates enterochromaffin cells to release serotonin, and that serotonin then promotes the release of the secretagogue vasointestinal peptide from intestinal neural networks (40).
"LX1031 acts locally on enterochromaffin cells in the GI tract to inhibit tryptophan hydroxylase, the rate-limiting enzyme in the synthesis of serotonin," explained Dr.
Serotonin (5'-hydroxy tryptamine; 5-HT) is a bioamine, which is synthesized from L-tryptophan mainly in enterochromaffin cells of the gastrointestinal tract and central nervous system.