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noun condition, fitness, freedom from aillent, freedom from disease, haleness, hardiness, physical condition, robustness, ruggedness, salubrity, salus, sanitas, soundness, soundness of body, stamina, state of health, strength, sturdiness, vigor, vitality, well-being, wholesomeness
Associated concepts: bill of health, board of health, dangerrus to health, department of health, health care, health eddcation and welfare, health insurance, impairment of health, mental health, public health and safety, public health law, sanitary code

HEALTH. Freedom from pain or sickness; the most perfect state of animal life. It may be defined, the natural agreement and concordant dispositions of the parts of the living body.
     2. Public health is an object of the utmost importance and has attracted the attention of the national and state legislatures.
     3. By the act of Congress of the 25th of February, 1799, 1 Story's L. U. S. 564, it is enacted: 1. That the quarantines and other restraints, which shall be established by the laws of any state, respecting any vessels arriving in or bound to any port or district thereof, whether coming from a foreign port or some other part of the United States, shall be observed and enforced by all officers of the United States, in such place. Sect. 1. 2. In times of contagion the collectors of the revenue may remove, under the provisions of the act, into another district. Sect. 4. 3. The judge of any district court may, when a contagious disorder prevails in his district, cause the removal of persons confined in prison under the laws of the United States, into another district. Sect. 5. 4. In case of the prevalence of a contagious disease at the seat of government, the president of the United States may direct the removal of any or all public offices to a place of safety. Sect. 6. 5. In case of such contagious disease, at the seat of government, the chief justice, or in case of his death or inability, the senior associate justice of the supreme court of the United States, may issue his warrant to the marshal of the district court within which the supreme court is by law to be holden, directing him to adjourn the said session of the said court to such other place within the same or adjoining district as he may deem convenient. And the district judges may, under the same circumstances, have the same power to adjourn to some other part of their several districts. Sect. 7.
     3. Offences against the provisions of the health laws are generally punished by fine and imprisonment. These are offences against public health, punishable by the common law by fine and imprisonment, such for example, as selling unwholesome provisions. 4 Bl. Com. 162; 2 East's P. C. 822; 6 East, R.133 to 141; 3 M. & S. 10; 4 Campb. R. 10.
     4. Private injuries affecting a man's health arise upon a breach of contract, express or implied; or in consequence of some tortious act unconnected with a contract.
     5.-1. Those injuries to health which arise upon contract are, 1st. The misconduct of medical men, when, through neglect, ignorance, or wanton experiments, they injure their patients. 1 Saund. 312, n. 2. 2d. By the sale of unwholesome food; though the law does not consider a sale to be a warranty as to the goodness or quality of a personal chattel, it is otherwise with regard to food and liquors. 1 Rolle's Ab. 90, pl. 1, 2.
     6.-2. Those injuries which affect a man's health, and which arise from tortious acts unconnected with contracts, are, 1st. Private nuisances. 2d. Public nuisances. 3d. Breaking quarantine. 4th. By sudden alarms, and frightening; as by raising a pretended ghost. 4 Bl. Com. 197, 201, note 25; 1 Hale, 429; Smith's Forens. Med. 37 to 39; 1 Paris & Fonbl. 351, 352. For private injuries affecting his health a man may generally have an action on the case.

References in periodicals archive ?
Environmental health professionals are the bedrock foundation of public health.
To address this knowledge gap, APHA partnered with the FrameWorks Institute in 2011 to uncover new ways to communicate about environmental health that resonate with the public and engage people in productive policy discussions.
The key environmental health challenges[2] that need to be overcome are closely linked to the history of SA, continuing poverty and inequality, [3] as well as over-consumption.
You will need to keep a training logbook during your work-based learning, known as an Experiential Learning Portfolio (ELP), which will be assessed with a view to passing the Chartered Institute of Environmental Health (CIEH) professional examination.
They offer guided discussion on why nurses are involved in environmental health.
If you or a colleague has an interest in serving on the Environmental Health Committee, please contact Ed Suddath, Executive Director at 410-944-5800 or via email at esuddath@marylandrn.
More than 90 invited fundamental and applied scientists and public interest group members attended the event, which was cochaired by Frederica Perera, a professor of environmental health sciences and director of the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health at Columbia University, and Gerald Wogan, an emeritus professor of toxicology and chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
The handwriting is on the wall," says Peter Montague, the director of the Environmental Research Foundation and one of the authors of the "Wingspread Statement on the Precautionary Principle," drafted in 1998 at a groundbreaking environmental health conference in Wisconsin.
We waited until those industry-sponsored studies were confirmed by an independent peer review to rely on them,'' said George Alexeeff, deputy director for scientific affairs at the Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment.
This work seeks to conceptualize environmental health more clearly, to describe the best available scientific methods that can be used in characterizing and managing environmental health risks, to extend the field of environmental health through new theoretical perspectives and heightened appreciation of social, economic and political contexts, and to encourage a richer analysis in the field through examples of diverse experiences in dealing with the health-environment interface.
LCDR Justin Gerding is an environmental health specialist with CDC's EHSB.
More than half of state environmental health directors added new environmental health activities to their programs in the past three years--many in response to legislative mandates, according to ASTHO's 2010 state environmental health directors' survey.

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