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Forcible possession; a grasping, snatching, or putting in possession.

In Criminal Law, a seizure is the forcible taking of property by a government law enforcement official from a person who is suspected of violating, or is known to have violated, the law. A Search Warrant usually must be presented to the person before his property is seized, unless the circumstances of the seizure justify a warrantless Search and Seizure. For example, the police may seize a pistol in the coat pocket of a person arrested during a Robbery without presenting a warrant because the search and seizure is incident to a lawful arrest. Certain federal and state laws provide for the seizure of particular property that was used in the commission of a crime or that is illegal to possess, such as explosives used in violation of federal law or illegal narcotics.

In the law of civil practice, the term refers to the act performed by an officer of the law under court order when she takes into custody the property of a person against whom a court has rendered a judgment to pay a certain amount of money to another. The property is seized so that it can be sold under the authority of the court to satisfy the judgment. Property can also be seized if a substantial likelihood exists that a defendant is concealing or removing property from the jurisdiction of the court so that in the event a judgment is rendered against her, the property cannot be used to pay the judgment. By attaching or seizing a defendant's property, the court prevents her from perpetrating a Fraud on the courts.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. the taking by law enforcement officers of potential evidence in a criminal case. The constitutional limitations on seizure are the same as for search. Thus, evidence seized without a search warrant or without "probable cause" to believe a crime has been committed and without time to get a search warrant, cannot be admitted in court, nor can evidence traced through the illegal seizure. (See: search and seizure, search warrant, fruit of the poisonous tree)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

SEIZURE, practice. The act of taking possession of the property of a person condemned by the judgment of a competent tribunal, to pay a certain sum of money, by a sheriff, constable, or other officer, lawfully authorized thereto, by virtue of an execution, for the purpose of having such property sold according to law to satisfy the judgment. By seizure is also meant the taking possession of goods for a violation of a public law; as the taking possession of a ship for attempting an illicit trade. 2 Cranch, 18 7; 6 Cowen, 404; 4 Wheat. 100; 1 Gallis. 75; 2 Wash. C. C. 127, 567.
     2. The seizure is complete as soon as the goods are within the power of the officer. 3 Rawle's Rep. 401; 16 Johns. Rep. 287; 2 Nott & McCord, 392; 2 Rawle's Rep. 142; Wats. on Sher. 172; Com. Dig. Execution, C 5.
     3. The taking of part of the goods in a house, however, by virtue of a fieri facias in the name of the whole, is a good seizure of all. 8 East, R. 474. As the seizure must be made by virtue of an execution, it is evident that it cannot be made after the return day. 2 Caine's Rep. 243; 4 John. R. 450. Vide Door; House; Search Warrant.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The study investigated epileptic seizures in zebrafish - a widely used model organism for modelling human brain physiology.
Prolonged epileptic seizures are the most common neurological emergencies in children seen by hospitals.
Yahya Puthiyapurayil developed epileptic seizures 45 minutes after take-off from Jeddah on an Oman Air flight bound for Kozhikode in Kerala, the boy's uncle told Khaleej Times.
In the future, a new type of treatment could become available which is able to detect, stop and even prevent epileptic seizures, researchers say.
The aim of VEM is to examine seizures and synchronous EEGs, classify epileptic seizures, reveal non-epileptic seizures, and identify the seizure-onset zone if the patient is a surgical candidate.
Psychogenic non--epileptic seizure (PNES) is an observable abrupt paroxysmal change in behavior or consciousness that resembles an epileptic seizure. Yet it is not accompanied by electrophysiological changes that accompany an epileptic seizures (ES) or clinical evidence for epilepsy.
A MUM is begging doctors to give her two-year-old daughter cannabis to cure her epileptic seizures.
An adequate clinical tool used to recognize epileptic seizures is the EEG signal analysis, as it measures the electrophysiological signals of the brain in real time and measures brain conditions efficiently [3].
Early prediction of epileptic seizures ensures enough time before it actually occurs; it is very useful because the attack can be avoided by the drug.
Aggression is also another common personality trait reported in patients with epileptic seizures. Seo, Kim and Park (2015) explored the prevalence of aggression and associated factors in patients with epilepsy and found the higher physical and verbal aggression in patients with uncontrolled epilepsy.
By GARETH WYN WILLIAMS Daily Post Reporter A PENSIONER who faces 11 sexual offence charges, which include exposing himself to young girls, told police he suffered from epileptic seizures that could result in him undressing without realising.
The frequency of epileptic seizures in patient on antiepileptic therapy was decreased, while other siblings remained free of seizure during follow-up.