Thus, he concludes making a "reconstruction" (70) based on an artificial dichotomy between those leaders kata oikon-according/for to the houses and kata ekklesia-according-for the churches, where presbuteroi-elders belong to the first category and episkopos
to the second one.
(2001), "The mbqr at Qumran, the episkopos
in the Athenian Empire, and the Meaning of lbqr' in Ezra 7:14: On the Relation of Ezra's Mission to the Persian Legal Project," Journal of Biblical Literature, Vol.
"The Athenian Episkopos
and the Achaemenid King's Eye." AJP 98: 252-63.
Some years later, the churches of the Pastoral Epistles seem to have had a single episkopos
, now a bishop (1 Timothy 3:1; Titus 1:7), with deacons as assistants.
(35) Indeed, an Athenian decree, formerly thought to have been passed probably in 447 or 446 BC, but now dated to 425/4 BC, stipulates that the episkopos
, along with the Athenian council and the magistrates of the confederate cities should be responsible for the due collection of the tribute every year and its safe transfer to Athens.
For starters, Geneva translates the Greek episkopos
as overseer and presbuteros as elder, a matter of slight concern to bishops and priests.
Sin embargo, se puede deducir que el ministerio de los presbiteros procede el Espiritu (Hch 20,28) y a partir de la sucesion apostolica (Hch 20,17ss.), mientras que el episkopos
es el que vigila ese rebano (Hch 20,25-31).