: a review of basic science, performance, side effects, and status in sports.
(2,5,16,20) Recently concerns have grown over the unfavorable alterations in blood lipid and coronary heart disease profiles seen in men using androstenedione as an ergogenic aid
One way to begin clarifying this issue is to differentiate between recreational substances and ergogenic aids
. Recreational substances are typically used for intrinsic motivates, such as to achieve altered affective states.
(2016) Red Ginseng as an Ergogenic Aid
: A Systematic Review of Clinical Trials.
However, it is an effective ergogenic aid
among non-injured players.
In part 3 of this series, each ergogenic aid
in Table 2 will be discussed, if it was not previously discussed in part 1.
Atheroleum as a natural Ergogenic Aid
can be used to increase function and performance (V.S.
Desbrow and Leveritt (3) reported that 73 per cent of the 140 athletes at the 2005 Ironman Triathlon World Championships believed that caffeine is an ergogenic aid
that enhanced their endurance performance.
In conclusion, it is clear that a hypotonic sports drink with much less carbohydrate than the usual isotonic drinks can be an effective ergogenic aid
for endurance performance of an hour or so, provided the drink includes some salt.
The popular use of supplemental HMB at 3 g per day for periods of up to one month (in a healthy population) as an ergogenic aid
for exercise appears to be well-tolerated and safe in humans (62).
Oral creatine monohydrate increases skeletal muscle creatine concentration by 16% to 50%, (5-7) but whether it is an effective ergogenic aid
Long known as an ergogenic aid
for competitive athletes, coffee (or a host of other beverages laced with caffeine) have been a guilt-free way for many of us to get our engines humming and achieve top performance at work and at play.