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In Common-Law Pleading or Code Pleading, the initial statements made by a plaintiff that set forth a Cause of Action to commence a civil lawsuit; the different points of a plaintiff's declaration, each of which constitute a basis for relief. In Criminal Procedure, one of several parts or charges of an indictment, each accusing the defendant of a different offense.

The term count has been replaced by the word complaint in the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and many state codes of civil procedure. Sometimes count is used to denote the numbered paragraphs of a complaint, each of which sets out an essential element of the claim.

Federal and state rules of criminal procedure govern the standards that a criminal count must satisfy in federal and state criminal matters.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. each separate statement in a complaint which states a cause of action which, standing alone, would give rise to a lawsuit), or each separate charge in a criminal action. For example, the complaint in a civil (non-criminal) lawsuit might state: First Count (or cause of action) for negligence, and then state the detailed allegations; Second Count for breach of contract, Third Count for debt, and so forth. In a criminal case each count would be a statement of a different alleged crime. There are also so-called common counts which cover various types of debt. (See: common counts)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


a paragraph in an indictment containing a distinct and separate charge.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

COUNT, pleading. This word, derived from the French conte, a narrative, is in our old law books used synonymously with declaration but practice has introduced the following distinction: when the plaintiff's complaint embraces only a single cause of action, and he makes only one statement of it, that statement is called, indifferently, a declaration or count; though the former is the more usual term.
    2. But when the suit embraces two or more causes of action, (each of which of course requires a different statement;) or when the plaintiff makes two or more different statements of one and the same cause of action, each several statement is called a count, and all of them, collectively, constitute the declaration.
    3. In all cases, however, in which there are two or more counts, whether there is actually but one cause of action or several, each count purports, upon the face of it, to disclose a distinct right of action, unconnected with that stated in any of the other counts.
    4. One object proposed, in inserting two or more counts in one declaration, when there is in fact but one cause of action, is, in some cases, to guard against the danger of an insufficient statement of the cause, where a doubt exists as to the legal sufficiency of one or another of two different modes of declaring; but the more usual end proposed in inserting more than one count in such case, is to accommodate the statement to the cause, as far as may be, to the possible state of the proof to be exhibited on trial; or to guard, if possible, against the hazard of the proofs varying materially from the statement of the cause of action; so that if one or more or several counts be not adapted to the evidence, some other of them may be so. Gould on Pl. c. 4, s. 2, 3, 4; Steph. Pl. 279; Doct. Pl. 1 78; 8 Com. Dig. 291; Dane's Ab. Index, h.t.; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t. In real actions, the declaration is most usually called a count. Steph. Pl. 36, See Common count; Money count.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The resultant generalized vasoconstriction diminishes tissue perfusion including coronary perfusion, elevates erythrocyte count, raises viscosity, and in turn amplifies the load on heart.
Up to 7 g [L.sup.-1] were not observed negative effects on growth, survival and haematological parameters by Tukey's test, although by Regression analysis were observed the best results for daily weigh gain, feed conversion rate and survival, respectively, with 5.62, 2.08 and 4.20 g [L.sup.-1] of water salinity; and worsening trend in the haematological parameters from 0.92 g [L.sup.-1] (erythrocyte count) and 2.39 g [L.sup.-1] (haematocrit).
The increased level of total erythrocyte count, hemoglobin content and packed cell volume might be due to the effects on hemopoietic organs.
Blood samples were collected in two tubes (one with EDTA) for determination of clinical chemistry tests [blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), bilirubin, sodium, glucose, amylase), and hematology (erythrocyte count, total and differential leukocyte count, platelet count, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and sedimentation rate].
Erythrocyte count was made using the methods of [17]; plasma obtained from the samples used in PCV determination, was put into Goldberg's Refractometer (Model 10400A) at 20[degrees]C and the total plasma protein was determined by direct reading (gm/100 ml).
During the first few days of life, the peripheral blood erythrocyte count increases steadily and then plateaus for about two weeks.
While the erythrocyte count (t =1.747, NS) and haemoglobin (t =1.737, NS) content did not vary significantly between the control and treated mice, there was significant rise in Packed Cell Volume (PCV) (t =3.564, d.f.=3, P<0.05), Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH) (t =6.123, d.f.=3, P<0.01), Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) (t =4.214, d.f.=3, P<0.05), Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV) (t =4.621, d.f.=3, P<0.02) and platelet count (t =28.5, d.f.=3, P<0.01) in the treated mice as compared to the control ones (Table 2).
The hematological studies like packed cell volume (PCV), hemoglobin, total erythrocyte count, total leucocyte count, differential leucocyte count were undertaken by standard procedures as per Jain (1986).
Decreased erythrocyte count, low Hb concentration, PCV and lymphocytes are common lab findings (Tonin et al., 2012b).
The hemoglobin concentration in leopard's serum was 13.4 g/dl, WBC count was 8.1 x 109/L, total Erythrocyte count was 7.9 x 1012/L, and Platelet Count was 273 x 109/L.
The Haemoglobin (Hb), Erythrocyte Count (RBC), Packed Cell Volume (PCV), Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH), Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin Concentration (MCHC), RDW-CV, blood urea, creatinine and glucose levels were measured.

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