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The Espionage and Sedition Acts of World War I; using wartime loyalty laws for revenge and profit.
It is generally accepted that the Espionage and Sedition Acts that were passed during WWI in the United States were so vaguely worded that they caused a real curtailment of the constitutional freedom of speech.
(21) Following Lamar's own earlier advice and "reading between the lines" of his coyly worded letter to Bielaski, one is tempted to surmise that, objectionable though Viereck's pro-German sentiments were, his politics were simply not of the sort the Espionage and Sedition Acts were by this time used to punish.
And the World War I espionage and sedition acts culminated in the infamous Palmer Raids of 1919 and 1920, in which thousands of alien residents were arrested and detained and over 240 were deported to Russia aboard the "Soviet Ark."
The 1919 Palmer Raids, the Espionage and Sedition Acts, and the Immigration quotas of 1921 and 1924, made this widespread paranoia the law of the land.
Woodrow Wilson's Espionage and Sedition Acts allowed the government to censor the foreign language press and bar it from publishing anti-war sentiments.