In The Spiritual Espousals, Ruusbroec is presenting to his fellow canons the various possibilities for a full spiritual life, which he describes under the rubric of the active, interior, and contemplative lives.
In fact, Ruusbroec's writings for women, although different from the Spiritual Espousals and less structured, do demonstrate his belief that women could achieve strong, dynamic interior lives.
The Fair Maid questions the validity of women acting as erotic agents and initiating the process of courtship by marking Phillis and Mall's actions as "forward" and by marking the private espousals that take place in the drawer's shop as clandestine.
Two sempsters, two hankies, two broken espousals, and finally, two "firm" espousals to two men without fortunes.
In addition to the conversation aspect of the change process there is also the need for organization participants to either confirm or disconfirm the espousals made by management through management actions.
What this article proposes is a typology that provides a means to determine whether the existing organization identity, as comprised of the organization schemas, has been altered and whether the espousals for change are consistent with top management behavior.
Njeri becomes furious, taking these utopian platitudes as espousals
of the total obliteration of distinct identities.