In The Spiritual Espousals, Ruusbroec is presenting to his fellow canons the various possibilities for a full spiritual life, which he describes under the rubric of the active, interior, and contemplative lives.
In fact, Ruusbroec's writings for women, although different from the Spiritual Espousals and less structured, do demonstrate his belief that women could achieve strong, dynamic interior lives.
(64) Both works for women are different from the earlier Spiritual Espousals, written for men, in two telling ways.
The Fair Maid questions the validity of women acting as erotic agents and initiating the process of courtship by marking Phillis and Mall's actions as "forward" and by marking the private espousals that take place in the drawer's shop as clandestine.
Two sempsters, two hankies, two broken espousals, and finally, two "firm" espousals to two men without fortunes.
In addition to the conversation aspect of the change process there is also the need for organization participants to either confirm or disconfirm the espousals made by management through management actions.
What this article proposes is a typology that provides a means to determine whether the existing organization identity, as comprised of the organization schemas, has been altered and whether the espousals for change are consistent with top management behavior.
It was published in two parts, the first consisting of The Betrothal (1854) and The Espousals
(1856), and the second consisting of Faithful for Ever (1860) and The Victories of Love (1862).
Born in Tacoma, Washington, Brautigan earned fame in the 1960s for his whimsical espousals
of alternative lifestyles, freed from the restraints of traditional America.