where [P.sub.i] is the estimated position
using proposed algorithm and [R.sub.i] is the real position of the capsule.
To reproduce the noise in the estimated position
signal, caused by the measurement errors, the modelled electrical rotor position [theta] = p x [[theta].sub.m] is supplemented with white noise.
Then [U.sub.m+1] computes the gravity center of its final PLA as its estimated position
In mobile WSNs, the localization error of a node (the distance between its real position and estimated position
) is changed over time duo to the mobility of the nodes.
Starting with your estimated position
, you pick out a visible star whose position directly over the earth at the current time is known.
Calculate the estimated position
of this fingerprint by using (3); 4.
To effectively evaluate the precision of the database camera positions, the original trajectory of the RGB-D camera is recorded as the true positions to compare with the estimated positions
. For each room or corridor, test points on the camera trajectory are uniformly selected by the step distance of 10 centimeters.
The localization error is defined as the Euclidean distance between the actual position and the estimated position
of a normal node.
6, the z-coordinate means the average pixel displacement between the estimated position
and the ground truth, the y-coordinate represents face datasets, the x-coordinate means face components, e.g.
For further power consumption reduction only the beacons within the operating range from estimated position
are requested to respond.
At this point, the next cell is determined, all the objects in the new cell are identified, and their visibility condition is set, based on the user's estimated position