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He is committed to three great "values," as he calls them: popular sovereignty; an ethic of reciprocity that he identifies as a democratic application of Christian love; and autonomy, which he identifies with individuals "internalizing limits on the freedom that democracy gives them." (Kloppenberg is quite emphatic: "That is the meaning of autonomy.") It is refreshing to see a liberal intellectual historian take religion and self-restraint seriously.
It is often referred to as the ethic of reciprocity. And although this mutual obligation we have one to another is thought of as Christian, it actually can be found in ancient Egyptian and ancient Greek writings as far back as 2000 B.C., as well as throughout Judaism, Islam and Buddhism.
To begin with, spirituality is defined not in terms of "religiosity" but more as following an ethical path, similar to the idea of the Golden Rule or the ethic of reciprocity: Love your neighbor as yourself, in other words.
Some may point out that this ethic of reciprocity cannot apply to every situation (for example, when we are threatened by someone with criminal intent).
Instead, The Way of Thorn and Thunder presents an ethic of reciprocity and care for the land as a viable, if tenuous, alternative to the human values of personal ambition and material gain.
When we planned our trip we used the ethic of reciprocity as our guiding philosophy.
The word "Hillel" derives from the name of a rabbinic sage from the first century, now famous for the ethic of reciprocity: "That which is hateful to you, do not do to your fellow." A few months later, Hillel expanded to the University of Wisconsin.
Basically, this principle applies the ethic of reciprocity and focuses on DoD's leadership role in ensuring an equal opportunity, discrimination-free workforce.
The ethic of reciprocity, also known as the Golden Rule, is an ethical code stating that one has a right to just treatment and a responsibility to ensure justice for others.
Most of the remainder of this book makes the case for realistic utopias based on the ethic of reciprocity. Buchanan starts by rejecting the possibility of "a viable socio-economic-political-legal order in which the legal incentives are such that persons behave as Kantians quite independent of whether or not they feel ethically constrained" (p.
Indeed, in some ways the internet is undermining the deeper sources of co-operation that gave rise to and sustained its ethic of reciprocity.
It is evolutionary--sociological improvement that has given rise to an ethic of reciprocity unanimously shared by all major religions.