Euratom

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Euratom

one of the first of the EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES, formed in 1957 as a result of one of the Rome Treaties and following upon the Spaak Report, itself a result of the Messina Conference. It deals with atomic energy, which, although intrinsically important, was of political importance at the time of the formation of the Treaty because of the need for uranium in the production of atomic weapons. Its institutions merged with those of the EUROPEAN COAL AND STEEL COMMUNITY (now expired) and the EUROPEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY as a result of the merger treaty. It still has an active role and in particular the Euratom Supply Agency (ESA) is responsible for the regular and equitable supply of nuclear fuels for Community users.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Merger Treaty signed in Brussels, Belgium, on April 8, 1965 combined the executive bodies of the European Coal and Steel Community, European Atomic Energy Community and the European Economic Community into a single institutional structure.
Later this week officials from the European Atomic Energy Community will travel to Ireland to monitor the nuclear remains.
support for the European atomic energy community, and, above all, U.S.
The nuclear area, run by the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM), covers the safe and economic use of nuclear energy.
These created the European Economic Community (EEC or Common Market) and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom), which greatly furthered the process of merging the economic and energy sectors of the member states.
Japan and the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) have reached a basic accord to sign an agreement for the peaceful use of atomic energy, limiting atomic materials and equipment for peaceful purposes, government sources said Thursday.
Typically, the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) is the Contracting Party for the European Union side, and the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) and the Ministry of Education, Science, Culture and Sports (Monbusho) have been the Contracting Parties for Japan.
The potential for nuclear power to play a major role in European energy supplies was acknowledged in the 1950s by the treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom Treaty), which along with the Treaty of Paris and the Treaty of Rome comprised the founding treaties of the European Union.
The European Union is now the umbrella term referring to the already-existing "three-pillar" structure of the European Community (the European Coal and Steel Community, European Economic Community, and European Atomic Energy Community) and the two new "pillars" constructed by the Maastricht Treaty: the Common Foreign and Security Policy enhancing the new European Political Cooperation process and certain areas within the domains of the justice and interior ministries (especially greater collaboration/cooperation between police and other authorities on crime, terrorism, and asylum-immigration issues).
The European Atomic Energy Community was pledged full U.S.
Further integration occurred in 1957 when the Treaty of Rome established the European Economic Community and the European Atomic Energy Community. These communities combined in 1965 to form what is now referred to as the EC.
The European Atomic Energy Community was established at the same time as the European Economic Community.

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