Court of Justice of the European Union

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Court of Justice of the European Union

the principal court of the European Union, charged with ensuring that in the interpretation and application of the treaties the law is observed. It is a collegiate body and elects its own President. It is made up of independent members and can act only by judgment. The system of preliminary ruling allowed the court much more material with which to state the law. It consists of as many judges as there are member states and has eight Advocates-General. It does not issue dissenting judgments. It has the following jurisdiction: to discover whether a member state has failed to fulfil an obligation under the treaty; to determine penalties in actions by natural or legal persons; to review the legality of the acts or failures to act by the Council and Commission at the request of a member state, to give preliminary rulings; to grant damages to persons complaining of damage caused by the institutions; to resolve disputes between the Communities and their employees; to act as court of appeal for the COURT OF FIRST INSTANCES.
References in periodicals archive ?
The European Court of Justice was ruling on a dispute between the Portuguese state betting monopoly, Santa Casa, and bwin and the Portugese soccer league.
The European Court of Human Rights ruled that Britain must allow homosexuals into its military, while the European Court of Justice ordered Germany to end its ban on women bearing arms in the military.
The Brussels Commercial Court referred to the European Court of Justice questions on the interpretation of the EU Directive on misleading and comparative advertising (Directive 84/450/EEC as amended by Directive 97/55/EC).
By the time the European Court of Justice finally delivers its verdict, matters frequently have been overtaken by factual developments.
Less than a month after it came to power, the Government of Jean-Pierre Raffarin has made a gesture of goodwill towards Brussels by announcing that it will soon give up the golden share held by the State in TotalFinaElf, as required by the European Court of Justice.
THE EUROPEAN Commission is threatening Germany with legal action at the European Court of Justice because it claims labour protection laws, designed to soften the effect of liberalising the country's ground-handling services, go against EU legislation.
The European Court of Justice ruled in December last year that France was breaking the law and it has since failed to lift the ban.
In April, the EC referred Spain to the European Court of Justice and sent written warnings to France and the United Kingdom for failing to meet the 1998 deadline to identify sensitive water areas.
The European Court of Justice in Luxembourg ruled in favor of a law passed by the German state of North-Rhine Westphalia that gave women a preference in public sector jobs.
The names of the European Commission (the governing body of the EU), the European Parliament and the European Court of Justice remain the same, but the Council of the European Union replaces the Council of Ministers.
Together with the European Court of Justice, this triumvirate churns out each year close on one million pages of rules, regulations, directives, drafts, position papers, court judgments and the like.
A 1979 decision by the European Court of Justice interpreting the Treaty of Rome provided, at least with regard to products, the legal basis for the Commission's approach of mutual recognition.

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