European Parliament

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European Parliament

the democratic assembly of the EUROPEAN UNION. Members are directly elected and are known as Members of the European Parliament (MEPs). They are elected by proportional representation, and the term is for five years. The Parliament exercises an advisory and supervisory role. It has some influence as a result of the Budgetary Treaty of 1970, and the Single European Act gave it added influence by extending the CODECISION PROCEDURE. The COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION must reply to Members' questions, and the COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION has agreed to do so also. An elephant gun of control, existing in the power to pass a motion of censure on the Commission that, if passed, would force the Commission to resign, has been used once and improves the Parliament's influence over this body. Such a motion can be passed only after substantial procedural hurdles have been cleared. Parliament's budgetary powers allow it to modify obligatory expenditure under the Treaty and allow it to amend non-obligatory expenditure within a maximum set by the Commission. It must adopt the budget, and in 1979 exercised its power to reject it for important reasons, acting by a majority of members and two-thirds of the votes cast. Since the inter-institutional agreement of 1 July 1988, arrangements have been made to prevent the disruption that such action can have on Community finances. Along with the EUROPEAN COURT OF AUDITORS, the Parliament supervises the implementation of the budget. The Parliament has standing to institute action in the COURT OF JUSTICE against the Commission or the Council.
References in periodicals archive ?
Several European countries are working to pass controversial legislation that would require telephone companies and Internet service providers (ISPs) to retain substantial amounts of customer data, despite the European Parliament's rejection of the proposed bill.
The European Parliament's Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety wants the deletion of the 'sufficient' classification for quality.
However, Vatican officials regard the uproar as motivated to a large extent by resurgent anti-Catholic bigotry in Europe, following as it does upon the European Parliament's recent refusal to include references to the continent's Christian heritage in its Constitution.
"This is a product for young people, and our goal was to try at the same time not to say vague things on the project, but not to be scholarly," says Jacques Hinckxt, of the European Parliament's information directorate general.
As the leading ECB actors in banking supervision made clear at a recent hearing of the European Parliament's Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs on the implications of the recent corporate disasters on financial supervision, the central bankers want more time for thorough dialogue with experts and market participants.
Paul Rubig, a member of the European Parliament's Industry & Energy Committee, has called upon business for help.
According to this opinion sent to the European Parliament's Committee on International Trade (INTA), the new agricultural agreement strengthens the legal basis for preferential trade and provides a stable and unquestionable framework for trade with "an important EU partner", Morocco.
Boroujerdi's remarks came in reaction to a draft resolution adopted against Iran in the European Parliament's recent meeting in Brussels.
In 1987, the European Parliament's powers were limited and co-decision did not exist.
Strasbourg, France--The European Parliament's plenary assembly rejected any reference to the continent's "Judeo-Christian" roots in the draft text of the European Constitution.
According to the Minister's assessment, this is the result of the efforts of the Georgian population and the country's efforts towards European integration: "The European Parliament's assessments were very objective, accurate and reflected on the successful reforms implemented by the Georgian government.

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