European Parliament

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European Parliament

the democratic assembly of the EUROPEAN UNION. Members are directly elected and are known as Members of the European Parliament (MEPs). They are elected by proportional representation, and the term is for five years. The Parliament exercises an advisory and supervisory role. It has some influence as a result of the Budgetary Treaty of 1970, and the Single European Act gave it added influence by extending the CODECISION PROCEDURE. The COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION must reply to Members' questions, and the COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION has agreed to do so also. An elephant gun of control, existing in the power to pass a motion of censure on the Commission that, if passed, would force the Commission to resign, has been used once and improves the Parliament's influence over this body. Such a motion can be passed only after substantial procedural hurdles have been cleared. Parliament's budgetary powers allow it to modify obligatory expenditure under the Treaty and allow it to amend non-obligatory expenditure within a maximum set by the Commission. It must adopt the budget, and in 1979 exercised its power to reject it for important reasons, acting by a majority of members and two-thirds of the votes cast. Since the inter-institutional agreement of 1 July 1988, arrangements have been made to prevent the disruption that such action can have on Community finances. Along with the EUROPEAN COURT OF AUDITORS, the Parliament supervises the implementation of the budget. The Parliament has standing to institute action in the COURT OF JUSTICE against the Commission or the Council.
References in periodicals archive ?
Taking to media persons outside Parliament House on Friday, the state minister said that European Union Parliament accepted the efforts of the current government for development and strengthening the economy of the country and it gave GSP Plus status to Pakistan.
The data sharing agreement with the United States was delayed by nearly five years by the European Union Parliament, because some members said it would invade privacy and lead to false arrests.
The European Union Parliament voted 644-25 to outlaw the import and sale of illegal logs and wood products.
FDA, European Union Parliament, and the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives.
Israel plans to bring up the matter in US Congress and European Union parliament, and it plans to file a lawsuit against Riyadh at the International Court.
Both local city council and European Union Parliament elections are due to take place in Latvia on June 6.
Reports surfaced last week that Berlusconi plans to field attractive IV starlets from his Mediaset empire as candidates for the European Union parliament elections in June.
There are 785 representatives in the European Union Parliament (EP) out of which 212 or 27 percent are from the ten post-communist member states.
Bloomberg has reported that the European Union parliament may ask the European Central Bank (ECB) to alter its inflation goal.
And another three members of the European Union Parliament who are supposed to do the same thing.
The families of the captives met with European Union parliament members in Brussels to appeal for help in obtaining a sign of life from their loved ones.
Representatives of the chapter have also met with members of the European Union Parliament, and the chapter continues to provide input to the European Union on key tax issues.

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