(redirected from Evidentials)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although DeLancey "first became aware of the phenomenon of mirativity" while "trying to untangle the marking of evidentiality and volition in the Lhasa Tibetan verb paradigm" (DeLancey 2001: 371), he subsequently came to agree with the present author that "the immediate evidence category in Tibetic languages is, strictly speaking, an evidential category, and thus by definition not a pure mirative" (2012: 554).
In 1990 DeLancey was less certain about the touchstone quality of the pure Hare mirative, writing of lo in Hare that "precisely this semantic category occurs in the evidential systems of at least three other unrelated languages", namely Turkish, Tibetan, and "the Dardic languages Kalasha and Khowar" (4) (DeLancey 1990: 157).
1999a, The Semantics of Northern Khanty Evidentials.--JSFOu 88, 131--159.
The development of anterior or resultative into evidentials of indirect evidence is well-known in Turkish, Bulgarian, Macedonian, and Georgian (Bybee at el.
However, as has been noted for reported evidentials in grammaticized evidential systems, the hearsay use is possible with first person in situations where the speaker was not in a full state of consciousness when the event occurred (Curnow 2003).
Unlike participles, which typologically constitute a common source of grammatical evidentials (especially in the languages of Eastern Europe; see Kehayov 2008), agent nouns lend themselves only rarely to the expression of evidentiality.
The evidentiality system in Georgian is subdivided into direct and indirect evidentials. According to Aikhenvald's terminology (Aikhenvald 2004: 24) this is a two term system (3), which makes the distinction between firsthand and non-firsthand information.
(1) Recent views on the relationship between evidentials and modals have been put forward by V.
Evidentials have not any time reference of their own.
The primary aim is to analyse a number of the evidential expressions used by political and religious leaders in their speeches; its secondary aim is to then show how discourse producers are maintaining public face and legitimising political or religious positions with the use of evidential expressions, and finally to contribute to a better understanding of evidentiality in the English language.
The source of grammaticalized evidentiality is the previous evidential strategy, for example, the jussive oodaku 'he should wait' has evolved from the third person imperative.