ex rel

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ex rel.

conj. abbreviation for Latin ex relatione, meaning "upon being related" or "upon information," used in the title of a legal proceeding filed by a state attorney general (or the federal Department of Justice) on behalf of the government, on the instigation of a private person, who needs the state to enforce the rights of himself/herself and the public. For example, the caption would read: The State of Tennessee ex rel. Archie Johnson v. Hardy Products.

References in periodicals archive ?
This Comment addresses that tension, the circuit split it engendered, and the Supreme Court's attempt to resolve the split in its January 2014 opinion, Mississippi ex rel.
into law, Virginia filed one of the first lawsuits, Virginia ex rel.
For example, in a Pennsylvania federal district court case, Doe ex rel.
District Court of Colorado, in United States ex rel.
In the recently settled whistleblower case, United States ex rel.
to the United States"); see also United States ex rel.
In the two actions brought by James Mayfield, "the remedies sought and the measure of recovery for Mayfield are completely different," Chief Judge Carolyn Dineen King wrote for the three-member panel in United States, ex rel.
Milberg has returned hundreds of millions of dollars to federal and state treasuries in both intervened and non-intervened qui tam cases, including United States ex rel.
2013) (noting that the seal provision's "primary purpose was to allow the government to ascertain privately 'whether it was already investigating the claims stated in the suit and then to consider whether it wished to intervene'" (quoting Erickson ex rel.
Circuit Court of Appeals has agreed to hear Doe 3 ex rel.
2) In the start of a shift of perspective nearly 20 years later, the court in State ex rel.