officials involved in the process that eventually produced Executive Order 9066
, including Francis Biddle, the Attorney General, believed that American citizens of Japanese descent could not be detained without a suspension of the habeas privilege.
Takashi Hori was the owner of the Panama Hotel in 1942, when, just months after Pearl Harbor was bombed, some 120,000 of the West Coast's Japanese and Japanese-American residents were given weeks or sometimes days to pack before they were sent to internment camps, per President Roosevelt's Executive Order 9066
. Limits were severe on what they were allowed to take with them.
After his arrest, he appealed his case all the way to the Supreme Court, which upheld Executive Order 9066
based on military necessity.
Then, on February 19, 1942, President Franklin Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066
, empowering the US military to designate parts of the United States as "military areas" and to admit, exclude, or remove people from them.
Signed by FDR in February 1942, Executive Order 9066
was a brutal and authoritarian document rooted in fear, racial prejudice, and sweeping generalizations unsupported by the data then available to policymakers.
anniversary of Executive Order 9066
(1) was one I could not resist.
When Executive Order 9066
is enacted after the attack at Pearl Harbor, children's librarian Clara Breed's young Japanese American patrons are to be sent to prison camp.
Roosevelt's Executive Order 9066
, signed mere months after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, ordered all Japanese Americans to evacuate the West Coast.
President Roosevelt's signature on Executive Order 9066
forces residents of Japanese ancestry to leave their homes.
This tragic incident happened before FDR's Executive Order 9066
, and even before Pearl Harbor, and he was detained for a few days to be interrogated because he had transferred a large sum of money (so he told me) in preparation to take his Nisei (second generation) wife and American-born family to Japan.
19, 1941, Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066
, evacuating at least 120,000 individuals of Japanese ancestry - the vast majority being U.S.
(1) Executive Order 9066
authorized the Secretary of War and designated military commanders "to prescribe military areas ...