Weight

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Related to Extremely Low Birth Weight: Small for gestational age, very low birth weight

WEIGHT. A quality in natural bodies, by which they tend towards the centre of the earth.
     2. Under the article Measure, (q.v.) it is said that by the constitution congress possesses the power "to fix the standard of weights and measures," and that this power has not been exercised.
     3. The weights now generally used in the United States, are the same as those of England; they are of two kinds:


     1. AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT. 1st. Used in almost all commercial transactions, and in the common dealings of life. 27 1/3 1/2 grains = 1 dram 16 drams = 1 ounce 16 ounces = 1 pound, (lb.) 28 pounds = 1 quarter, (qr.) 4 quarters = 1 hundred weight, (cwt.) 20 hundred weight = 1 ton. 2d. Used for meat and fish. 8 pounds = 1 stone 3d. Used in the wool trade.
     Cwt. qr. lb. 7 pounds = 1 clove 14 pounds = 1 stone = 0 0 14 2 stones = 1 tod = 0 1 0 6 1/2 tods = 1 wey = 1 2 14 2 weys = 1 sack = 3 1 0 12 sacks = 1 last = 39 0 0 4th. Used for butter and cheese. 8 pounds = 1 clove 56 pounds = 1 firkin.
     2. TROY WEIGHT. 24 grams = 1 pennyweight 20 pennyweights = 1 ounce 12 ounces = 1 pound.

     4. These are the denominations of troy weight, when used for weighing gold, silver and precious stones, except diamonds. Troy weight is also used by apothecaries in compounding medicines; and by them the ounce is divided into eight drams, and the drain into three scruples, so that the latter is equal to twenty grains. For scientific purposes, the grain only is used, and sets of weights are constructed in decimal progression, from 10,000 grains downward to one-hundredth of a grain. The caret, used for weighing diamonds, is three and one-sixth grains.
     5. A short account of the French weights and measures is given under the article Measure.

References in periodicals archive ?
Improved neurodevelopmental outcomes for extremely low birth weight infants in 2000-2002.
The team followed a cohort of 149 extremely low birth weight adults and 133 normal birth weight adults born in Canada around 1980.
Are active labour and mode of delivery still a challenge for extremely low birth weight infants?
"It's nice that we can have babies survive at extremely low birth weights, but what's important is how these babies ultimately live," he said.
Growth in extremely low birth weight infants up to three years.
Phototherapy helps to reduce the bilirubin level and the risk of brain damage that can occur when bilirubin crosses from the blood into the brain, but it is unclear whether aggressive phototherapy to prevent the neurotoxic effects of bilirubin benefits or harms infants with extremely low birth weight (1000g or less).
However, most of the babies born at extremely low birth weights were single births.
Taken as a group, by the time the extremely low birth weight children reach early adulthood, their average weight and a height consistent with their parents' height and weight.
Plasma creatinine concentration is a poor predictor of glomerular filtration rate in extremely low birth weight infants.
reported that in extremely low birth weight babies human milk intake was associated with decreased risk of developing ROP.15 Ginovart from Spain reported that breast feeding reduced the risk for any stage of ROP by 75% in preterm infants (OR=0.25, 95% CI; 0.091-0.705) (p 0.009).16
This approach includes a quick and efficient admission process of babies with extremely low birth weight, where they are stabilized during the first hour through quick resuscitation.

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