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The ability, capability, or fitness to do something; a legal right, power, or competency to perform some act. An ability to comprehend both the nature and consequences of one's acts.

Capacity relates to soundness of mind and to an intelligent understanding and perception of one's actions. It is the power either to create or to enter into a legal relation under the same conditions or circumstances as a person of sound mind or normal intelligence would have the power to create or to enter.

A person of normal intelligence and sound mind has the capacity to dispose of his or her property by will as he or she sees fit.

A capacity defense is used in both criminal and civil actions to describe a lack of fundamental ability to be accountable for one's action that nullifies the element of intent when intent is essential to the action, thereby relieving a person of responsibility for it.

An individual under duress lacks the capacity to contract; a child under the age of seven accused of committing a crime lacks criminal capacity.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


the ability of a person to effect a legal transaction. The paradigm natural person of full age and sound mind usually has full capacity. Others face limitations from time to time and system to system, such as, for example, the young, the mentally ill and corporations.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

CAPACITY. This word, in the law sense, denotes some ability, power, qualification, or competency of persons, natural, or artificial, for the performance of civil acts, depending on their state or condition, as defined or fixed by law; as, the capacity to devise, to bequeath, to grant or convey lands; to take; or to take. and hold lands to make a contract, and the like. 2 Com. Dig. 294; Dane's Abr. h.t.
     2. The constitution requires that the president, senators, and representatives should have attained certain ages; and in the case of the senators and representatives, that out these they have no capacity to serve in these offices.
     3. All laws which regulate the capacity of persons to contract, are considered personal laws; such are the laws which relate to minority and majority; to the powers of guardians or parents, or the disabilities of coverture. The law of the domicil generally governs in cases of this kind. Burge. on Sureties, 89.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
In contrast to our finding, Lazarus et al found no inverse associations of waist circumference and waist/ hip ratio with FVC in women.
The new coach from Dunlap, Ill., sees a shifting FVC as a plus for his program.
FVC and FEV1 had weak negative correlation but FEV1%, PEFR, and FEF25-75% had no significant correlation (Table 5).
The call option shall automatically lapse should a) FVC completes a firmly underwritten IPO of its shares at no less than USD 0.30 per share, or b) FVC be acquired by a public listed company at no less than USD 0.30 per share.
There were more substantial differences in the lower limits of normal with mean differences (95% CI) [+ or -] LoA (Gore relative to GLI) of -334 (-342--325) [+ or -] 124 mL and -332 (-361--303) [+ or -] 420 mL for [FEV.sub.1] and FVC, respectively, with a mean difference of 0.024 (0.023-0.025) [+ or -] 0.012 for the [FEV.sub.1]/FVC ratio.
The differences in the EMG changes in RA between patients with and without FVC ≥80% were analyzed.
NurOwn slowed the progression of ALS, as indicated by an improving slope of both the mean ALSFRS and mean FVC curves after therapy.
According to the FVC, only 16% of America's population lives in rural areas, yet 40% of servicemen come from these communities.
Mild smokers showed a 5.39% decrease in FEF25-75 whereas a 01% increase in FEV1 / FVC ratio compared to non-smokers.
It is generally accepted that forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and Forced vital capacity (FVC) are strong indicators of lung function, which decline due to obesity and sedentary life style [16, 17].
None of the studies performed until now attempted to see the effect of different PFTs values and especially the FVC in this population on tidal volume selection.
FVC is present at GITEX TECHNOLOGY WEEK and is demonstrating Polycom's immersive Real Presence solution (RPX), as well as its CIE (Customer Immersive Experience), in special demonstration rooms at the show.