Joint

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Joint

United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.

joint

adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

References in periodicals archive ?
Our results are also consistent with the results of the complete elimination of pain in 23 of 32 patients with facet joint cyst reported in a case series by Allen et al.[7] However, in the aforementioned study, none of these patients were scheduled for a second control MRI.
Facet Joint Injection (FJI) is a procedure of injecting local anesthetics and steroids into facet joints for LBP by facet joint sprain or degenerative changes.
T Jackson, "Unilateral lumbosacral facet joint dislocation associated with vertical shear sacral fracture," Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, vol.
Standard procedure in the management of lumbar facet joint pain is to create a lesion with the consistent heat production of the CRF ablation at 80[degrees]C for 60-90 seconds [26,27].
Third, the definition of no contact and strong contact of the facet joint was a little arbitrary.
Three studies identified preoperative damage to the facet joint as a cause or risk factor for ASD [32-34].
Because their study population included both middle-aged and elderly patients, this provides evidence that symptomatic disc space narrowing and facet OA may have different age distributions, and supports the concept that LBP-related findings transition from the disc to the facet joints with age (Figure 11).
Specifically, it demonstrated a moderate joint effusion in the C4-C5 right facet joint with adjacent subchondral erosive change along the opposing surfaces of the joint and a small epidural fluid collection with mild mass effect on the spinal cord at the same level (Fig.
Types of synovial fold in the cervical facet joint. J Ortho Sci.
If discomfort persists, your physician may consider corticosteroid injections into the joints to ease inflammation, and/or minimally invasive ablation of the nerves that surround the facet joints, in order to disrupt their ability to send pain signals.
They recommended that the starting point for screw insertion be 1mm medial to the center of the lateral mass and direction be 30-40 degrees cephalad (parallel to facet joint) and 10 degrees lateral.
Anatomical description of the facet joint innervation and its implication in the treatment of recurrent back pain.