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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)


adjective allied, amalgamated, associated, coalitional, collaborative, collective, combined, common, communal, communis, community, concerted, concurrent, confederate, conjoint, conjugate, conjunct, consolidated, cooperative, coordinated, corporate, correal, harmonious, inseparable, joined, leagued, merged, mixed, mutual, shared, synergetic, unified, united
Associated concepts: joint account, joint action, joint advennure, joint and several liability, joint enterprise, joint interrst, joint liability, joint negligence, joint ownership, joint resolution, joint tenancy, joint tort feasors
See also: collective, common, concerted, concomitant, concordant, concurrent, conjoint, connection, consensual, federal, intersection, mutual, united

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

References in periodicals archive ?
5mm/s) are neither affected by acute single facet joint dysfunction nor by high velocity low amplitude spinal manipulation regardless of ramp amplitude.
Facet joint tropism is the asymmetry between the right and left FJA of the same vertebra.
Radiofrequency facet joint denervation in the treatment of low back pain: A placebo-controlled clinical trial to assess efficacy.
Under computed tomography (CT) guided imaging, biopsy of the C4-C5 facet joint was performed on August 3 (Fig.
Transverse process and needles of medial branch block to facet joint as landmarks for ultrasound-guided selective nerve root block.
Forces intense hyperflexion and distraction can lead not only to thrust unilateral or bilateral facet joints, and the blade fracture, fracture of the spinous processes, and previously ruptured anterior longitudinal ligament, and especially rupture of the fibrous ring and disc extrusion intervertebral which may cause or aggravate an existing myelopathy (1,15,18,20).
In the lumbar spine, the facet joints are oriented in the sagittal plane.
Localization of substance P and neurofilament immunoreactIve fibers in the lumbar facet joint capsule and supraspinous ligament of the rabbit.
Ours is also the first reported case in which a facet joint is identified as the locus of infection.
Other important risk factors for vertebral artery injury include facet joint dislocations and fractures of the first to the third cervical vertebral bodies.
The results provide a mechanical representation of the facet joint responses to high frequency vibration conditions and may be a basis for determining individuals who are at greater risk.