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We found a positive correlation between EE and each of the following individual factors by analyzing the components of anthropometric data: male gender, high BMI, high muscle mass, and high fat mass. However, multivariate analysis revealed that only high muscle mass was associated with EE.
Table 1 presents the characteristics of the study population including age, weight, height, BMI, fat mass, lean mass, fat mass/lean mass ratio, and physical activity levels.
BFskf, body fat - skinfolds method; FMskf, fat mass - skinfolds method; FFMskf, free fat mass - skinfolds method; BFnir, body fat - infrared method; FMnir, fat mass - infrared method; FFMnir, free fat mass - infrared method; M, mean; SD, standard deviation; n, number of subjects.
Study outcomes showed that the intervention group had significantly greater weight loss, a decrease in BMI, the percentage of body fat and fat mass during 12 weeks of intervention with comparison to control group.
The AT program performed across a 12-wk period was the more efficient of the two training programs to produce a decrease in the subjects' total body mass, BMI, and body fat mass (i.e., in comparison to RT in the overweight and obese adults).
Overall, both forms of training appear to have caused the same improvements in the body composition of all athletes, but between the groups, the crossfitter group have seen more effects on fat mass decrease, specifically in the reduction of gynoid and android fat.
Caption: FIGURE 1: Correlation between fat mass in hemodialysis patients: (a) measured by DXA and BIA S10 in male, (b) measured by DXA and BIA S10 in female, (c) measured by DXA and BIA 720 in male, and (d) measured by DXA and BIA 720 in female.
To detect possible associations of serum leptin levels with body fat mass, we used Pearson-correlation analysis.
This allows for the estimation of total lean mass and fat mass within specific regions, including the visceral depot.
BMI, fat percentage, fat mass, lean mass, and FFMI were compared between CD and UC by Student's t-test, and comparison between various UC and CD subgroups according to disease extent, location, and behavior; clinical and endoscopic severity; and steroid requirement and disease duration was done by ANNOVA test.
There was no difference in occupation between participant subgroups in terms of fat mass or exercise levels.