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termination of employment because of the disappearance of the need for the job. In the employment law of the UK, certain rights accrue to someone who is made redundant, i.e. if his dismissal is the result wholly or mainly of the cessation of the employer's business or to the cessation or diminution of demands for particular work. Redundancy can be a potentially fair reason for dismissal, preventing a claim for unfair dismissal, but it might be unfair if the particular employee has been unfairly selected, as where he is perhaps the longest-serving employee but is the first to be made redundant. In any event, an employee who has served two years of continuous employment will be entitled to a redundancy payment based upon the years of service and the employee's age.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

REDUNDANCY. Matter introduced in an answer, or pleading, which is foreign to the bill or articles.
     2. In the case of Dysart v. Dysart, 3 Curt. Ecc. R. 543, in giving the judgment of the court, Dr. Lushington says: "It may not, perhaps, be easy to define the meaning of this term [redundant] in a short sentence, but the true meaning I take to be this: the respondent is not to insert in his answer any matter foreign to the articles he is called upon to answer, although such matter may be admissible in a plea; but he may, in his answer, plead matter by way of explanation pertinent to the articles, even if such matter shall be solely in his own knowledge and to such extent incapable of proof; or he may state matter which can be substantiated by witnesses; but in this latter instance, if such matter be introduced into the answer and not afterwards put in the plea or proved, the court will give no weight or credence to such part of the answer."
     3. A material distinction is to be observed between redundancy in the allegation and redundancy in the proof. In the former case, a variance between the allegation and the proof will be fatal if the redundant allegations are descriptive of that which is essential. But in the latter case, redundancy cannot vitiate, because more is proved than is alleged, unless the matter superfluously proved goes to contradict some essential part of the allegation. 1 Greenl. Ev. Sec. 67; 1 Stark. Ev. 401.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
In order to verify the proposed fault diagnosis and fault tolerant control strategy, we carry out the related simulations under different scenarios.
In Figure 9, the input voltages of the remained cell converters were 32 V (= 96V/3) under the fault tolerant operation and the threshold value VOV was set at 35 V.
[9] AYE C K and WINT T Z, "Fault tolerant erasure coded replication for HDFS based cloud storage," in Proc.
Parsa, "Open-circuit fault tolerant control of five-phase permanent magnet motors with third-harmonic back-EMF" 34th Annual Conference of IEEE, Ind.
The blocks labeled RC0 to RC3 are equally sized RCAs, and they can be made fault tolerant by inserting two additional RCAs, identified as TestRC in Figure 9.Boththe RC0 to RC3 and TestRC blocks are identical in bit width.
Fault tolerant technology could be applied to the Internet, but the problem, in a nutshell, is that no one is prepared to pay for it.
Several authors (Beaudry, 1978) have analysed fault tolerant systems subject to a single stress under the assumption that the stochastic process is a continuous time Markov chain.
Cheng, "Analysis and control of active neutral-point-clamping three-level inverters under fault tolerant operation modes," in Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems (ICEMS '15), pp.
Kim, "Fault tolerant flight control system for the tilt-rotor UAV" Journal of the Franklin Institute, vol.

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