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noun balance, bonus, excess, expletive, glut, leavings, margin, nimiety, overabundance, overage, overflow, overmeasure, overplus, overrun, oversupply, redundance, redundancy, remainder, residue, residuum, spare, superabundance, superfluity, superplus, surfeit, surplusage
Associated concepts: accumulated surplus, distribution of surplus, surplus after sale, surplus goods, surplus income, surplus of proceeds, transfer to surplus
See also: balance, bonus, boom, excess, excessive, expendable, needless, net, overage, plethora, profuse, prosperity, redundancy, redundant, remainder, residual, residuary, superfluous, surfeit, unnecessary

SURPLUS. That which is left from a fund which has been appropriated for a particular purpose; the remainder of a thing; the overplus the residue. (q.v.) See 18 Ves. 466.
     2. The following is an example of a surplus; if a thing be put in pledge as a security to pay one hundred dollars, and it be afterwards sold for one hundred and fifty dollars, the fifty dollars will be the surplus. Wolff, Inst. Sec. 697. See Overplus; Residue.

References in periodicals archive ?
When he first proposed them in 2000, Bush predicted that federal surpluses would cover the cost of tax reductions and major increases in military and other spending.
And all this has happened while Martin continues to bring in massive federal surpluses "while Ontario is told to stuff it.
We all know that the free-spending era of federal surpluses is history; federal belt tightening has begun.
According to this proposal, the nation would allocate 62 percent of prospective federal surpluses to paying the Social Security benefits promised under current law.
Perhaps the best and worst part of the President's budget--and the part that has already achieved remarkable success--is the commitment to wall off at least 62 percent of federal surpluses over the next 15 years to pay down a part of the more than $5 trillion national debt.

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