district court

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District Court

A designation of an inferior state court that exercises general jurisdiction that it has been granted by the constitution or statute which created it. A U.S. judicial tribunal with original jurisdiction to try cases or controversies that fall within its limited jurisdiction.

A state district might, for example, determine civil actions between state residents based upon contract violations or tortious conduct that occurred within the state.

Federal district courts are located in places designated by federal law, hearing cases in at least one place in every state. Most federal cases, whether civil actions or criminal prosecutions for violations of federal law, commence in district court. Cases arising under the Constitution, federal law, or treaty, or cases between citizens of different states, must also involve an interest worth more than $75,000 before the district court can exercise its jurisdiction.

The federal district courts also have original and exclusive jurisdiction of Bankruptcy cases, and admiralty, maritime, and prize cases, which determine rights in ships and cargo captured at sea. State courts are powerless to hear these kinds of controversies.

A party can appeal a decision made in district court in the Court of Appeal.

Cross-references

Federal Courts.

district court

n. 1) in the federal court system, a trial court for federal cases in a court district, which is all or a portion of a state. 2) a local court in some states. (See: court)

district court

1 in Scotland a court of summary jurisdiction held by a stipendiary magistrate or one or more justices of the peace to deal with minor criminal offences.
2 in the USA a federal trial court serving a federal judicial district or in some states a court having general jurisdiction in a state judicial district.
3 in Australia and New Zealand a court lower than a high court.
4 a court in the Republic of Ireland.

DISTRICT COURT. The name of one of the courts of the United States. It is held by a judge, called the district judge. Several courts under the same name have been established by state authority. Vide Courts of the United States.

References in periodicals archive ?
As Senator Duckworth and I make recommendations for lifetime appointments to the federal district court bench in the Northern District of Illinois, we will benefit from the guidance and insights of our distinguished screening committee said Durbin.
Pursuant to a prior order of the federal district court, Biamp had deposited in escrow the sum of approximately USD3.
But chapter 4 seems to argue that the Supreme Court's guidelines for categorizing public forums have been sufficiently clear to foster consistency in federal district court decisions when it comes to whether or not various public forums are open to speech.
At this point, Dover is only a federal district court ruling and is binding precedent only in the Middle District of Pennsylvania.
Unlike in the Guantanamo case, when Hamdi's father filed a habeas corpus petition in a federal district court in Virginia, near where his son was being held, the government agreed that the courts had jurisdiction to review Hamdi's detention.
In reversing the district court's decision, the Sixth Circuit reasoned that the federal district court could consider the dispute if A.
Federal Trade Commission, filed in Federal District Court in Colorado (and including the American Teleservices Association as a plaintiff), similar allegations were made concerning the First Amendment and equal protection.
The case is pending in the federal district court of the District of Columbia.
TELECOMWORLDWIRE-30 July 2002-Xircom products found to infringe on 3Com patents by federal District Court (C)1994-2002 M2 COMMUNICATIONS LTD http://www.
The first action was filed in Federal District Court in Texas against Advanced Manufacturing Engineering Systems of Nevada, Iowa.
In a setback for the Food and Drug Administration, a federal district court ruled last week that the agency had unlawfully attempted to restrict an herbal supplement as a prescription drug.
Rozzi,(13) a federal district court held unconstitutional regulations requiring officers on sick leave to remain in their homes from 9 a.

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