district court

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District Court

A designation of an inferior state court that exercises general jurisdiction that it has been granted by the constitution or statute which created it. A U.S. judicial tribunal with original jurisdiction to try cases or controversies that fall within its limited jurisdiction.

A state district might, for example, determine civil actions between state residents based upon contract violations or tortious conduct that occurred within the state.

Federal district courts are located in places designated by federal law, hearing cases in at least one place in every state. Most federal cases, whether civil actions or criminal prosecutions for violations of federal law, commence in district court. Cases arising under the Constitution, federal law, or treaty, or cases between citizens of different states, must also involve an interest worth more than $75,000 before the district court can exercise its jurisdiction.

The federal district courts also have original and exclusive jurisdiction of Bankruptcy cases, and admiralty, maritime, and prize cases, which determine rights in ships and cargo captured at sea. State courts are powerless to hear these kinds of controversies.

A party can appeal a decision made in district court in the Court of Appeal.

Cross-references

Federal Courts.

district court

n. 1) in the federal court system, a trial court for federal cases in a court district, which is all or a portion of a state. 2) a local court in some states. (See: court)

district court

1 in Scotland a court of summary jurisdiction held by a stipendiary magistrate or one or more justices of the peace to deal with minor criminal offences.
2 in the USA a federal trial court serving a federal judicial district or in some states a court having general jurisdiction in a state judicial district.
3 in Australia and New Zealand a court lower than a high court.
4 a court in the Republic of Ireland.

DISTRICT COURT. The name of one of the courts of the United States. It is held by a judge, called the district judge. Several courts under the same name have been established by state authority. Vide Courts of the United States.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Advisory Committee on Massachusetts Judicial Nominations, first appointed in March 2013, solicits, interviews, and comments on applications for federal district court vacancies.
After the case was removed to the Federal District Court, GE moved for summary judgment.
It was reported yesterday that Massachusetts-based DUSA has received preliminary injunctive relief by a US federal district court prohibiting Biofrontera defendants from using its confidential and proprietary trade secret information, according to Sun Pharmaceutical Industries in a regulatory filing.
Federal District Courts, Religious Speech, and the Public Forum.
In this Article, however, we argue the literature's narrow focus on the Supreme Court law clerk has led to a failure to examine the important role that federal district court law clerks play in the federal judiciary.
PennEngineering asked a federal district court in Nevada to require these companies to immediately cease and desist and to award PennEngineering appropriate damages.
However, on June 5th, the FTC authorized its staff to seek a federal district court order to prevent Whole Foods from acquiring Wild Oats.
The notice states that taxpayers have 30 days from the date of the notice of determination to appeal the decision to the Tax Court or, if the Tax Court does not have jurisdiction over the underlying tax liability, to a Federal district court.
With this financing, Sandy Hook Partners has eliminated one of the last remaining hurdles to make this project a reality, particularly after Federal District Court Judge Mary Cooper recently dismissed an on-going lawsuit against the National Park Service and Sandy Hook Partners.
John Eidsmoe entitled "An 'Intelligently Designed' Ruling?" This article addressed the judicial decision by Federal District Court Judge John E.
Bayer informed the SEC it "has been named, among others, as a defendant in multiple putative class action lawsuits which have been consolidated in federal district court in Kansas, involving allegations of price fixing of, inter alia (among other things), polyether polyols and certain other precursors for urethane end-use products."
The case now goes back to federal district court. Hollander said the situation is not over until the UDV has a permanent injunction.

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