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A record of the court. A paper is said to be filed when it is delivered to the proper officer to be kept on file as a matter of record and reference. But in general the terms file and the files are used loosely to denote the official custody of the court or the place in the offices of a court where the records and papers are kept. The file in a case includes the original complaint and all pleadings and papers belonging thereto.

A clerk files a document by endorsing it on the date it is received and retaining it in his or her office for inspection by the parties that it might concern.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1) v. to deposit with the clerk of the court a written complaint or petition which is the opening step in a lawsuit and subsequent documents, including an answer, demurrer, motions, petitions, and orders. All of these are placed in a case file which has a specific number assigned to it which must be stated on every document. The term is used: "When are you going to file the complaint," or "The answer will be filed tomorrow." 2) n. the master folder of a lawsuit kept by the clerk of the court, including all legal pleadings (pages) filed by both sides. Each case file has an assigned number, and each document in the file must have a stamp showing the date it was received and the name of the clerk who received it. Any document which is filed must be served on the opposing attorney, usually by mail, except that the first paper filed (complaint, petition, motion) must be served on all defendants personally (hand delivered by a process server). 3) n. the record an attorney keeps on a case, containing all papers deposited with the clerk, as well as all correspondence and notes on the case.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


to start a court action.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006
References in periodicals archive ?
Potential licensees in the consumer electronics accessories industry are currently being targeted as candidates to eventually commercialize the Fili on a worldwide basis.
Fili has more than 25 years of experience in the nuclear industry, and served as Technical Services engineering manager at the Perry Plant.
But it's Fili's "oh, oh, ohs" that take the breath away.
With Fili slotting over the conversion the Samoans were right back in the game at 17-13.
This was keeping Samoa interested, more so as Fili sent over a second penalty, and then as half time approached Seilala Mapusua and Census Johnston found gaps.
ALBI: Prats' Fili, Subra, Devlin, Senio' Rees (Boulogne, 33), Williams' Larrouy (Delpuech, 46), Saby, Gainer (Viol 46)' Santroni, Marechal' Ducos, Krzesinski, Hijar.
A frottola by Tromboncino offered soprano Julia Gooding a chance to display expressively virtuosic talents, as did the bass Robert McDonald in Schutz's wonderfully poignant Fili mi, Absalom.
His first night, Fili witnesses the murder of the father of a childhood friend, Luis (Ricardo Esquerra).
However, he wanted to quit 'Magnificat' after doing Act 1 because 'it was the most difficult libretto, much like 'Fili.''
Bearing that in mind, the convective clouds are blowing in from the south eastern part of India, and what's left of the rain ultimately ends up in the UAE, such as in the areas of Masafi, Al Madam and Fili.
The Glasgow five-piece, fronted by singer Fili and including James McColl former singer with The Supernaturals, nail tune after tune to lift the gloom from a wet summer.