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An officer who conducts the fiscal affairs of a state or Municipal Corporation.

A comptroller, which is often synonymous with auditor, generally has specific duties including the supervision of revenue, the examination and certification of accounts, and the inspection, examination, or control of the accounts of other public officials.

A state comptroller's major function is the final auditing and settling of all claims arising against the state.

The chief financial officer of any private organization, such as a university or a corporation, is also called a comptroller.

Within the federal government, the office of the comptroller of the currency exists as part of the national banking system. The function of this office is to promulgate and execute rules and regulations that govern the national banks. The approval of the comptroller of currency is essential to the organization of new national banks, as well as the transformation of state-chartered banks into national banks and the consolidation and merger of banks.

The comptroller general of the United States is the leading official of the General Accounting Office whose primary duty is to audit various governmental agencies.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Luffler will be in charge of setting up effective practices and processes between the corporate financial controller's department and the businesses and will ensure compliance by the company's business operations worldwide with GAAP, internal controls and local and statutory accounting requirements, besides overseeing Capital Projects and Shared Services Americas.
His successor as financial controller, commercial, has not yet been appointed.
He was praised by judges for his "tenacity, focus and drive" in rising from financial assistant to financial controller in just four years.
MONEY MAN: Huw Perry, financial controller at Hackman Print
He will be succeeded as managing director by Adrian Nicoll, who will be assisted by financial controller Declan Murray.
She also has two years of financial controller experience at Malaysian company T.A.E.
Alison Woodhams, BBC group financial controller, said: 'Self-authorisation is about empowering and trusting people.' Sixty per cent of expenses claims were for under pounds 100.
Paul Mackey, currently financial controller at ICI, is abandoning the rat race and using his knowledge of financial systems to help AIDs orphans and improve HIV nursing programmes in Swaziland, southern Africa.
Martin Moore, the IHA's financial controller, is currently acting as chief executive and will continue to do so in the short term.
The ACE Group of insurance and reinsurance companies, headed by ACE Limited (NYSE:ACE), reported on Monday the appointment of Samantha Froud, group financial controller, as chief administration officer for the company's Bermuda-based operations as of 1 January.

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