fingerprint

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Related to Finger Printing: DNA fingerprinting

fingerprint

an impression taken of the indents present on the finger tips. These have been used in the detection of crime since before the Fingerprint Bureau at Scotland Yard was established in 1901, relying on the hypothesis that no two people have the same fingerprint. The first conviction was secured in 1902. The process works by comparing distinctive features of the suspect print with a print found at the scene of the crime. Palm prints were used in 1931. In 2002 it was accepted that ear print evidence might be admissible but that scientific misgiving meant that it could be subject to critical cross-examination. The process is now computerized. See e.g. AUTOMATED FINGERPRINT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (AFIS). While the roots of the use of fingerprints are in criminal investigation, computerization means that the same concept and technology can be used for basic civilian identification purposes, even secure use of personal equipment.
References in periodicals archive ?
I was first taken for finger printing by my employers three months after my arrival, but there was some problem and we were asked to come back after 10 days, but we went after six months," he said.
Almost 8,000 have already left the country and the remaining 3,500 can leave once their finger printing clearance and emergency certificates (out passes) are processed which would not take time.
The El Paso Police Department will be on hand in the morning to provide finger printing and crime prevention information.